Fatwa: # 46069
Category: Beliefs and Practices (Aq...
Country: African Country
Date: 1st September 2020

Title

Should a Muslim support the LGBTQ community & what should our attitude be towards them?

Question

Assalamualaikum WRBR,

Hope all is well. I have some questions regarding my friend-group base. I take part-time alima classes and I feel as if it has affected me in a really good spiritual way. So basically, four of my friends came out and said that they were gay/homesexual (LGBT.) Both pairs started dating. I felt this discomfortness for some reason. I congratulated them and left an hour or two later. After I left, I started thinking and felt myself feeling like disgusted kind of? I felt as if I didn't wanna go meet with them again, even though we all have a close relationship. The next day, all my friends starting teasing them about like weddings and stuff, we didn't actually mean it though. Now I want to ask, it is permissible to still hang with them? I feel as if it's not..because they are well um LGBT. Also, is it halal or haram to support them/LGBT people? The other thing is that someone asked me if I wanted a boyfriend. I straight away said no, because I know it is haram and it is zeena sin, one of the worst sins. Then they asked me why. I replied with saying I'll let them know when I find out. They agreed. Now, I'll summarize the questions for you so it may be easy iA.

1: Should I further hang with them or no?

2: Is it halal or haram to support them/the LGBT community/people?

3: Why are boy/girlfriends haram?

 

Jazakullah Khairun, May Allah SWT reward you for all the efforts, Ameen Summa Ameen.

(Also, please try to answer my questions as quickly as possible as I need the answers!)

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

At the outset, we wish to point out the following:

  • As Muslims, we are bound by the teachings of the Quran and Ahadith and Sharia (Islamic law) derived from Quran and Ahadith.
  • If we are living in a community with diverse beliefs and ideologies, we are advised to tolerate other views and ideologies. This is understood from the following verse:

 

  • وَلَا تَسُبُّوا الَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ فَيَسُبُّوا اللَّهَ عَدْوًا بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ كَذَلِكَ زَيَّنَّا لِكُلِّ أُمَّةٍ عَمَلَهُمْ ثُمَّ إِلَى رَبِّهِمْ مَرْجِعُهُمْ فَيُنَبِّئُهُمْ بِمَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ. [الأنعام: ١٠٨]

Translation: Do not revile those whom they invoke other than Allah, lest they should revile Allah in transgression without having knowledge. This is how We have made the deeds of every community attractive in their sight. Then, to their Lord is their return, after which He shall tell them what they have been doing. 

 

  • The Quran also advises us that we should engage with people with wisdom and diplomacy and offer them good advice.  Allah says:

 

  • ادْعُ إِلَى سَبِيلِ رَبِّكَ بِالْحِكْمَةِ وَالْمَوْعِظَةِ الْحَسَنَةِ وَجَادِلْهُمْ بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِمَنْ ضَلَّ عَنْ سَبِيلِهِ وَهُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِالْمُهْتَدِينَ. [النحل: ١٢٥]

Translation: Invite (people) to the way of your Lord with wisdom and good counsel. And argue with them in the best of manners. Surely, your Lord knows best the one who deviates from His way, and He knows best the ones who are on the right path. 

 

  • We also draw a distinction between a person and a sin. We respect every person as a creation of Allah. If he is engaged in any evil according to our understanding, we resent the evil act, not the person.

 

Our response to the query should be read and understood in conjunction with the abovementioned four points:

 

  1. In Islam Homosexuality is a major sin.[i] This is understood from the following verses of the Quran and Ahadith:

 

وَلُوطًا إِذْ قَالَ لِقَوْمِهِ أَتَأْتُونَ الْفَاحِشَةَ مَا سَبَقَكُمْ بِهَا مِنْ أَحَدٍ مِنَ الْعَالَمِينَ. إِنَّكُمْ لَتَأْتُونَ الرِّجَالَ شَهْوَةً مِنْ دُونِ النِّسَاءِ بَلْ أَنْتُمْ قَوْمٌ مُسْرِفُونَ. [الأعراف: ٨٠-٨١]

Translation: "And (We sent) Lut (Lot) when he said to his people,. Do you commit the shameful act in which nobody in the world has ever preceded you? You come to men lustfully instead of women. No, you are a people who cross the limits." 

 

أَتَأْتُونَ الذُّكْرَانَ مِنَ الْعَالَمِينَ (165) وَتَذَرُونَ مَا خَلَقَ لَكُمْ رَبُّكُمْ مِنْ أَزْوَاجِكُمْ بَلْ أَنْتُمْ قَوْمٌ عَادُونَ.[ii] [الشعراء: ١٦٥-١٦٦]

Translation: “Do you go to the males (for having sex) out of the whole universe, and leave your wives whom your Lord has created for you? Indeed you are a people who cross (all) limits..” 

 

عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ - صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ -: "إِنَّ أَخْوَفَ مَا أَخَافُ عَلَى أُمَّتِي عَمَلُ قَوْمِ لُوطٍ." [سنن ابن ماجه: ٢٥٦٣]

Translation: It is reported from Jabir ibn Abdillah (رضي الله تعالى عنه) that he said, the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Indeed the thing I fear most upon my Ummah is the action of the people of Lut (عليه السلام).”

 

  1. Islam recognises the natural instincts of human beings and advises on moral ways to fulfil the natural instincts. When a person becomes of age and there is a demand to fulfil his biological need, then he should marry. Consider the following verses and Ahadith:

 

وَإِنْ خِفْتُمْ أَلَّا تُقْسِطُوا فِي الْيَتَامَى فَانْكِحُوا مَا طَابَ لَكُمْ مِنَ النِّسَاءِ مَثْنَى وَثُلَاثَ وَرُبَاعَ فَإِنْ خِفْتُمْ أَلَّا تَعْدِلُوا فَوَاحِدَةً أَوْ مَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُكُمْ ذَلِكَ أَدْنَى أَلَّا تَعُولُوا. [النساء: ٣]

Translation: If you fear that you will not do justice to the orphans, then, marry the women you like, in twos, in threes and in fours. But, if you fear that you will not maintain equity, then (keep to) one woman, or bondwomen you own. It will be closer to abstaining from injustice. 

 

وَأَنْكِحُوا الْأَيَامَى مِنْكُمْ وَالصَّالِحِينَ مِنْ عِبَادِكُمْ وَإِمَائِكُمْ إِنْ يَكُونُوا فُقَرَاءَ يُغْنِهِمُ اللَّهُ مِنْ فَضْلِهِ وَاللَّهُ وَاسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ. [النور: ٣٢]

Translation: Arrange the marriage of the spouseless among you, and the capable from among your bondmen and bondwomen. If they are poor, Allah will enrich them out of His grace. Allah is All-Encompassing, All-Knowing. 

 

 

فَقَالَ عَبْدُ اللهِ: لَئِنْ قُلْتَ ذَاكَ، لَقَدْ قَالَ لَنَا رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: «"يَا مَعْشَرَ الشَّبَابِ، مَنِ اسْتَطَاعَ مِنْكُمُ الْبَاءَةَ فَلْيَتَزَوَّجْ، فَإِنَّهُ أَغَضُّ لِلْبَصَرِ، وَأَحْصَنُ لِلْفَرْجِ، وَمَنْ لَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ، فَعَلَيْهِ بِالصَّوْمِ، فَإِنَّه لَهُ وِجَاءٌ." [صحيح المسلم: ١٤٠٠]

Translation: Oh accompany of young men, those among you who can support a wife should marry, for it restrains eyes (from casting evil glances) and more safeguarding of one’s chastity; but whoever is unable (to afford getting married) should observe fast for it is a means of diminishing (sexual desires).

 

أَخْبَرَنَا حُمَيْدُ بْنُ أَبِي حُمَيْدٍ الطَّوِيلُ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ أَنَسَ بْنَ مَالِكٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ، يَقُولُ: جَاءَ ثَلاَثَةُ رَهْطٍ إِلَى بُيُوتِ أَزْوَاجِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، يَسْأَلُونَ عَنْ عِبَادَةِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، فَلَمَّا أُخْبِرُوا كَأَنَّهُمْ تَقَالُّوهَا، فَقَالُوا: وَأَيْنَ نَحْنُ مِنَ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ؟ قَدْ غُفِرَ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ وَمَا تَأَخَّرَ، قَالَ أَحَدُهُمْ: أَمَّا أَنَا فَإِنِّي أُصَلِّي اللَّيْلَ أَبَدًا، وَقَالَ آخَرُ: أَنَا أَصُومُ الدَّهْرَ وَلاَ أُفْطِرُ، وَقَالَ آخَرُ: أَنَا أَعْتَزِلُ النِّسَاءَ فَلاَ أَتَزَوَّجُ أَبَدًا، فَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ إِلَيْهِمْ، فَقَالَ: «أَنْتُمُ الَّذِينَ قُلْتُمْ كَذَا وَكَذَا، أَمَا وَاللَّهِ إِنِّي لَأَخْشَاكُمْ لِلَّهِ وَأَتْقَاكُمْ لَهُ، لَكِنِّي أَصُومُ وَأُفْطِرُ، وَأُصَلِّي وَأَرْقُدُ، وَأَتَزَوَّجُ النِّسَاءَ، فَمَنْ رَغِبَ عَنْ سُنَّتِي فَلَيْسَ مِنِّي» [صحيح البخاري: ٥٠٦٣]

Translation: Humayd ibn ʼAbi Humayd reported to us that he heard Anas (رضي الله تعالى عنه) saying::”Three people came to the home of the Prophet’s wives and asked how the Prophet conducted his worship. When they were told about it they seemed to consider it little and said, “What a difference there is between us and the Prophet (ﷺ). Indeed, his former and latter sins have been forgiven!” One of them said, “As for me, I will always pray during the night.” Another said, “I will fast during the daytime and not break my fast.” The other said, “I will have nothing to do with women and will never marry.” Then the Prophet (ﷺ) came to them and said, “Are you the people who said such and such? By God, I am the most fearful of Allah from you and the most God conscious, yet I fast and I break my fast; I pray and I sleep; and I marry women. Whoever turns away from my Sunna has nothing to do with me.”” 

 

Rasoolullah (ﷺ) closed all doors of immorality (Zina). Consider the following verses and Ahadith:

 

فَانْكِحُوهُنَّ بِإِذْنِ أَهْلِهِنَّ وَآتُوهُنَّ أُجُورَهُنَّ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ مُحْصَنَاتٍ غَيْرَ مُسَافِحَاتٍ وَلَا مُتَّخِذَاتِ أَخْدَانٍ... [النساء:٢٥]

Translation: “So, marry them with the permission of their masters, and give them their dues, as recognized, they being chaste, not fornicating, nor taking boy-friends…”[iii]

 

The above verse clearly prohibits having (impermissible) relationships except through proper marriage.[iv] Any extramarital relationship is considered Zina and is a major sin. See the following verse. Any conduct that leads to Zina is considered  Zina and accordingly, prohibited.

 

وَلَا تَقْرَبُوا الزِّنَا إِنَّهُ كَانَ فَاحِشَةً وَسَاءَ سَبِيلًا [بني إسرائيل: ٣٢]

Translation: “Do not even go close to fornication. It is indeed a shameful act, and an evil way to follow.” 

 

Adultery and fornication are resented by all religions. Zina leads to many harms, at an individual, family and societal level.[v] Consider the following statistics:

  • 40% of adults who have cheated on their spouse are currently divorced or separated.[vi]
  • According to the American Psychological Association (APA), infidelity in the United States accounted for 20-40 percent of divorces.[vii]
  • In one study by the National Institutes of Health, one partner in 88% of couples studied cited infidelity as a major factor in divorce.[viii]
  • In one study According to clinical psychologist Ana Nogales in one study found at 75% of children experience lingering feelings of betrayal toward their cheating parent, 80% say that the infidelity shapes their outlook about romance and relationships, and 70% describe the infidelity as affecting their general trust in others.[ix]
  • According to the New York Times, experts have found that children of parents who engage in extramarital affairs are likely to have affairs themselves when they marry.[x]
  • According to a Stanford University sociologist the rate of adultery has been increasing “with 25 to 50 percent of married women and 50 to 65 percent of married men now having at least one liaison at some time in a marriage.”[xi]
  • In another study, “experts found that an adult having an affair becomes so swept up in personal needs that that parent seems incapable of focusing on the potential effect on the child.”[xii]
  • One study showed that when partners find out of their spouse committing adultery, they were nine times more likely to suffer major depression episodes. Several studies have shown a link between adultery and the partner cheated on suffering severe depression episodes.[xiii]
  • A University of Nevada study stated: “The person who was cheated on experiences strong emotional and psychological distress following infidelity.”[xiv]

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Faizal Dhada

Student, Darul Iftaa

UK

 

Checked and Approved by,

Mufti Ebrahim Desai

 



[i] تفسير القرطبي - دار الكتب المصرية  - ج = ٧، ص = ٢٤٣-٢٤٤ 

الثَّانِيَةُ- قَوْلُهُ تَعَالَى: (أَتَأْتُونَ الْفاحِشَةَ) يَعْنِي إِتْيَانَ الذُّكُورِ. ذَكَرَهَا اللَّهُ بِاسْمِ الْفَاحِشَةِ لِيُبَيِّنَ أَنَّهَا زِنًى، كَمَا قَالَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى:" وَلا تَقْرَبُوا الزِّنى إِنَّهُ كانَ فاحِشَةً «2» ". وَاخْتَلَفَ الْعُلَمَاءُ فِيمَا يَجِبُ عَلَى مَنْ فَعَلَ ذَلِكَ بَعْدَ إِجْمَاعِهِمْ عَلَى تَحْرِيمِهِ، فَقَالَ مَالِكٌ: يُرْجَمُ، أَحْصَنَ أَوْ لَمْ يُحْصَنْ. وَكَذَلِكَ يُرْجَمُ الْمَفْعُولُ بِهِ إِنْ كَانَ مُحْتَلِمًا. وَرُوِيَ عَنْهُ أَيْضًا: يُرْجَمُ إِنْ كَانَ مُحْصَنًا، وَيُحْبَسُ وَيُؤَدَّبُ إِنْ كَانَ غَيْرَ مُحْصَنٍ. وَهُوَ مَذْهَبُ عَطَاءٍ وَالنَّخَعِيِّ وَابْنِ الْمُسَيِّبِ وَغَيْرِهِمْ. وَقَالَ أَبُو حنيفة: يعزر الْمُحْصَنُ وَغَيْرُهُ، وَرُوِيَ عَنْ مَالِكٍ. وَقَالَ الشَّافِعِيُّ: يُحَدُّ حَدَّ الزِّنَى قِيَاسًا عَلَيْهِ. احْتَجَّ مَالِكٌ بقول تَعَالَى:" وَأَمْطَرْنا عَلَيْهِمْ حِجارَةً مِنْ سِجِّيلٍ". فَكَانَ ذَلِكَ عُقُوبَةً لَهُمْ وَجَزَاءً عَلَى فِعْلِهِمْ. فَإِنْ قِيلَ: لَا حُجَّةَ فِيهَا لِوَجْهَيْنِ، أَحَدُهُمَا- أَنَّ قَوْمَ لُوطٍ إِنَّمَا عُوقِبُوا عَلَى الْكُفْرِ وَالتَّكْذِيبِ كَسَائِرِ الْأُمَمِ. الثَّانِي- أَنَّ صَغِيرَهُمْ وَكَبِيرَهُمْ دَخَلَ فِيهَا، فَدَلَّ عَلَى خُرُوجِهَا مِنْ بَابِ الْحُدُودِ. قِيلَ: أَمَّا الْأَوَّلُ فَغَلَطٌ، فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ سُبْحَانَهُ أخبر عنهم أنهم كانوا على معاصي فَأَخَذَهُمْ بِهَا، مِنْهَا هَذِهِ. وَأَمَّا الثَّانِي فَكَانَ مِنْهُمْ فَاعِلٌ وَكَانَ مِنْهُمْ رَاضٍ، فَعُوقِبَ الْجَمِيعُ لِسُكُوتِ الْجَمَاهِيرِ عَلَيْهِ. وَهِيَ حِكْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَسُنَّتُهُ في عباده. وَبَقِيَ أَمْرُ الْعُقُوبَةِ عَلَى الْفَاعِلِينَ مُسْتَمِرًّا. وَاللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ. وَقَدْ رَوَى أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَابْنُ مَاجَهْ وَالتِّرْمِذِيُّ وَالنَّسَائِيُّ وَالدَّارَقُطْنِيُّ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ: (مَنْ وَجَدْتُمُوهُ يَعْمَلُ عَمَلَ قَوْمِ لُوطٍ فَاقْتُلُوا الْفَاعِلَ وَالْمَفْعُولَ بِهِ). لَفْظُ أَبِي دَاوُدَ وَابْنِ مَاجَهْ. وَعِنْدَ التِّرْمِذِيِّ (أَحْصَنَا أَوْ لَمْ يُحْصِنَا). وَرَوَى أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَالدَّارَقُطْنِيُّ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ فِي الْبِكْرِ يُوجَدُ عَلَى اللُّوطِيَّةِ قَالَ: يُرْجَمُ. وَقَدْ رُوِيَ عَنْ أَبِي بَكْرٍ الصِّدِّيقِ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ أَنَّهُ حَرَّقَ رَجُلًا يُسَمَّى الْفُجَاءَةَ حِينَ عَمِلَ عَمَلَ قَوْمِ لُوطٍ بِالنَّارِ. وَهُوَ رَأْيُ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ، فَإِنَّهُ لَمَّا كَتَبَ خَالِدُ بْنُ الْوَلِيدِ إِلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ فِي ذَلِكَ جَمَعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ أَصْحَابَ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَاسْتَشَارَهُمْ فِيهِ، فَقَالَ عَلِيٌّ: إِنَّ هَذَا الذَّنْبَ لَمْ تَعْصِ بِهِ أُمَّةٌ مِنَ الْأُمَمِ إِلَّا أُمَّةٌ وَاحِدَةٌ صَنَعَ اللَّهُ بِهَا مَا عَلِمْتُمْ، أَرَى أَنْ يُحَرَّقَ بِالنَّارِ. فَاجْتَمَعَ رَأْيُ أَصْحَابِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَنْ يُحَرَّقَ بِالنَّارِ. فَكَتَبَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ إِلَى خَالِدِ بْنِ الْوَلِيدِ أَنْ يُحَرِّقَهُ بِالنَّارِ فَأَحْرَقَهُ. ثُمَّ أَحْرَقَهُمُ ابْنُ الزُّبَيْرِ فِي زَمَانِهِ. ثُمَّ أَحْرَقَهُمْ هِشَامُ بْنُ الْوَلِيدِ. ثُمَّ أَحْرَقَهُمْ خَالِدٌ الْقَسْرِيُّ بِالْعِرَاقِ. وَرُوِيَ أَنَّ سَبْعَةً أُخِذُوا فِي زَمَنِ ابْنِ الزُّبَيْرِ فِي لِوَاطٍ، فَسَأَلَ عَنْهُمْ فَوَجَدَ أَرْبَعَةً قَدْ أَحْصَنُوا فَأَمَرَ بِهِمْ فَخَرَجُوا (بِهِمْ» مِنْ الْحَرَمِ فَرُجِمُوا بِالْحِجَارَةِ حَتَّى مَاتُوا، وَحَدَّ الثَّلَاثَةَ، وَعِنْدَهُ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ وَابْنُ عُمَرَ فَلَمْ يُنْكِرَا عَلَيْهِ. وَإِلَى هَذَا ذَهَبَ الشَّافِعِيُّ. قَالَ ابْنُ الْعَرَبِيِّ: وَالَّذِي صَارَ إِلَيْهِ مَالِكٌ أَحَقُّ، فَهُوَ أَصَحُّ سَنَدًا وَأَقْوَى مُعْتَمَدًا. وَتَعَلَّقَ الْحَنَفِيُّونَ بِأَنْ قَالُوا: عُقُوبَةُ الزِّنَى مَعْلُومَةٌ، فَلَمَّا كَانَتْ هَذِهِ الْمَعْصِيَةُ غَيْرَهَا وَجَبَ أَلَّا يُشَارِكَهَا فِي حَدِّهَا. وَيَأْثِرُونَ «2» فِي هَذَا حَدِيثًا: (مَنْ وَضَعَ حَدًّا فِي غَيْرِ حَدٍّ فَقَدْ تَعَدَّى وَظَلَمَ). وَأَيْضًا فَإِنَّهُ وَطْءٌ فِي فَرْجٍ لَا يَتَعَلَّقُ بِهِ إِحْلَالٌ وَلَا إِحْصَانٌ، وَلَا وُجُوبَ مَهْرٍ وَلَا ثُبُوتَ نَسَبٍ، فَلَمْ يَتَعَلَّقْ بِهِ حَدٌّ.

 

[ii] تفسير القرطبي - دار الكتب المصرية  - ج = ١٣، ص = ١٣٢ 

(أَتَأْتُونَ الذُّكْرانَ مِنَ الْعالَمِينَ) كَانُوا يَنْكِحُونَهُمْ فِي أَدْبَارِهِمْ وَكَانُوا يَفْعَلُونَ ذَلِكَ بِالْغُرَبَاءِ عَلَى مَا تَقَدَّمَ" فِي الْأَعْرَافِ" «3». (وَتَذَرُونَ مَا خَلَقَ لَكُمْ رَبُّكُمْ مِنْ أَزْواجِكُمْ) يَعْنِي فُرُوجَ النِّسَاءِ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ خَلَقَهَا لِلنِّكَاحِ. قَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ مُهَاجِرٍ: قَالَ لِي مُجَاهِدٌ كَيْفَ يَقْرَأُ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ" وَتَذَرُونَ مَا خَلَقَ لَكُمْ رَبُّكُمْ مِنْ أَزْواجِكُمْ" قُلْتُ:" وَتَذَرُونَ مَا خَلَقَ لَكُمْ رَبُّكُمْ مِنْ أَزْواجِكُمْ" قَالَ: الْفَرْجُ، كَمَا قَالَ:" فَأْتُوهُنَّ مِنْ حَيْثُ أَمَرَكُمُ اللَّهُ" «4». (بَلْ أَنْتُمْ قَوْمٌ عادُونَ) أَيْ مُتَجَاوِزُونَ لِحُدُودِ اللَّهِ.

 

تفسير ابن كثير ت سلامة - دار طيبة – ج = ٦، ص = ١٥٨ 

لَمَّا نَهَاهُمْ نَبِيُّ اللَّهِ عَنْ إِتْيَانِهِمُ الْفَوَاحِشَ، وَغَشَيَانِهِمُ الذُّكُورَ، وَأَرْشَدَهُمْ إِلَى إِتْيَانِ نِسَائِهِمُ اللَّاتِي خَلَقَهُنَّ اللَّهُ لَهُمْ -مَا كَانَ جَوَابَ قَوْمِهِ له إلا قَالُوا: {لَئِنْ لَمْ تَنْتَهِ يَا لُوطُ} يعنونَ: عَمَّا جِئْتَنَا (1) بِهِ،

 

[iii] أوضح التفاسير لمحمد عبد اللطيف بن الخطيب - المطبعة المصرية – ج = ١، ص = ٩٦ 

{بِإِذْنِ أَهْلِهِنَّ} مواليهن {وَآتُوهُنَّ أُجُورَهُنَّ} مهورهن {بِالْمَعْرُوفِ} على ما تراضيتم به؛ من غير مطل {مُحْصَنَاتٍ} عفيفات

 

[iv] أحكام القرآن للجصاص ت قمحاوي - دار إحياء التراث العربي – ج = ٣، ص = ١٢٣ 

فَانْكِحُوهُنَّ مُحْصَنَاتٍ غَيْرَ مُسَافِحَاتٍ وأمر بأن يكون العقد عليها بالنكاح صَحِيحٍ وَأَنْ لَا يَكُونَ وَطْؤُهَا عَلَى وَجْهِ الزنا لأن الإحصان هاهنا بالنكاح والسفاح الزنا وَلا مُتَّخِذاتِ أَخْدانٍ يَعْنِي لَا يَكُونُ وَطْؤُهَا عَلَى حَسَبِ مَا كَانَتْ عَلَيْهِ عَادَةُ أَهْلِ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ فِي اتِّخَاذِ الأخذان قَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ كَانَ قَوْمٌ مِنْهُمْ يُحَرِّمُونَ مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْ الزِّنَا وَيَسْتَحِلُّونَ مَا خَفِيَ مِنْهُ وَالْخِدْنُ هُوَ الصَّدِيقُ لِلْمَرْأَةِ يَزْنِي بِهَا سِرًّا فَنَهَى اللَّهُ تَعَالَى عَنْ الْفَوَاحِشِ مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا وَمَا بَطْنَ وَزَجَرَ عَنْ الْوَطْءِ إلَّا عَنْ نِكَاحٍ صَحِيحٍ أَوْ مِلْكِ يَمِينٍ

 

تفسير القرطبي - دار الكتب المصرية  - ج = ٥، ص = ١٤٢-١٤٣ 

(الْمُحْصَناتِ) أَيْ عَفَائِفَ. وَقَرَأَ الْكِسَائِيُّ (مُحْصِنَاتٍ) بِكَسْرِ الصَّادِ فِي جَمِيعِ الْقُرْآنِ، إِلَّا فِي قَوْلِهِ تَعَالَى: (وَالْمُحْصَناتُ مِنَ النِّساءِ). وَقَرَأَ الْبَاقُونَ بِالنَّصْبِ فِي جَمِيعِ الْقُرْآنِ. ثُمَّ قَالَ: (غَيْرَ مُسافِحاتٍ) أَيْ غَيْرَ زَوَانٍ، أَيْ مُعْلِنَاتٍ بِالزِّنَى، لِأَنَّ أَهْلَ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ كَانَ فِيهِمُ الزَّوَانِي فِي الْعَلَانِيَةِ، وَلَهُنَّ رايات منصوبات كراية البيطار. (وَلا مُتَّخِذاتِ أَخْدانٍ) أَصْدِقَاءَ عَلَى الْفَاحِشَةِ، وَاحِدُهُمْ خِدْنٌ وَخَدِينٌ، وَهُوَ الَّذِي يُخَادِنُكَ، وَرَجُلٌ خُدَنَةٌ، إذا اتخذ أخذ انا أَيْ أَصْحَابًا، عَنْ أَبِي زَيْدٍ. وَقِيلَ: الْمُسَافِحَةُ الْمُجَاهِرَةُ بِالزِّنَى، أَيِ الَّتِي تُكْرِي نَفْسَهَا لِذَلِكَ. وَذَاتُ الْخِدْنِ هِيَ الَّتِي تَزْنِي سِرًّا. وَقِيلَ: الْمُسَافِحَةُ الْمَبْذُولَةُ، وَذَاتُ الْخِدْنِ الَّتِي تَزْنِي بِوَاحِدٍ. وَكَانَتِ الْعَرَبُ تَعِيبُ الْإِعْلَانَ بِالزِّنَى، وَلَا تَعِيبُ اتِّخَاذَ الْأَخْدَانِ، ثُمَّ رَفَعَ الْإِسْلَامُ جَمِيعَ ذَلِكَ، وَفِي ذَلِكَ نَزَلَ قَوْلُهُ تَعَالَى: (وَلا تَقْرَبُوا الْفَواحِشَ مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْها وَما بَطَنَ «1»)، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ وَغَيْرِهِ.

 

[v] أحكام القرآن للجصاص ت قمحاوي - دار إحياء التراث العربي – ج = ٥، ص = ٢٤

قوله تعالى وَلا تَقْرَبُوا الزِّنى إِنَّهُ كانَ فاحِشَةً وَساءَ سَبِيلًا فِيهِ الْإِخْبَارُ بِتَحْرِيمِ الزِّنَا وَأَنَّهُ قَبِيحٌ لِأَنَّ الفاحشة هي التي قد تفاحش قبحها وَعَظُمَ وَفِيهِ دَلِيلٌ عَلَى أَنَّ الزِّنَا قَبِيحٌ فِي الْعَقْلِ قَبْلَ وُرُودِ السَّمْعِ لِأَنَّ اللَّهَ سماه فاحشة ولم يخصص به حاله قَبْلَ وُرُودِ السَّمْعِ أَوْ بَعْدَهُ وَمِنْ الدَّلِيلِ عَلَى أَنَّ الزِّنَا قَبِيحٌ فِي الْعَقْلِ أَنَّ الزَّانِيَةَ لَا نَسَبَ لِوَلَدِهَا مِنْ قِبَلِ الْأَبِ إذْ لَيْسَ بَعْضُ الزُّنَاةِ أَوْلَى بِهِ لَحَاقُهُ بِهِ مِنْ بَعْضٍ فَفِيهِ قَطْعُ الْأَنْسَابِ وَمَنْعُ مَا يَتَعَلَّقُ بِهَا مِنْ الْحُرُمَاتِ فِي الْمَوَارِيثِ وَالْمُنَاكَحَاتِ وَصِلَةِ الْأَرْحَامِ وَإِبْطَالِ حَقِّ الْوَالِدِ عَلَى الْوَلَدِ وَمَا جَرَى مَجْرَى ذَلِكَ مِنْ الْحُقُوقِ الَّتِي تَبْطُلُ مَعَ الزِّنَا وَذَلِكَ قَبِيحٌ فِي الْعُقُولِ مُسْتَنْكَرٌ فِي الْعَادَاتِ وَلِذَلِكَ

قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ الْوَلَدُ لِلْفِرَاشِ وَلِلْعَاهِرِ الْحَجَرُ

 

سنن أبي داود: ٤٠١٩ 

عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ، قَالَ: أَقْبَلَ عَلَيْنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ - صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ - فَقَالَ: "يَا مَعْشَرَ الْمُهَاجِرِينَ، خَمْسٌ إِذَا ابْتُلِيتُمْ بِهِنَّ، وَأَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ أَنْ تُدْرِكُوهُنَّ:

لَمْ تَظْهَرْ الْفَاحِشَةُ فِي قَوْمٍ قَطُّ حَتَّى يُعْلِنُوا بِهَا، إِلَّا فَشَا فِيهِمُ الطَّاعُونُ وَالْأَوْجَاعُ الَّتِي لَمْ تَكُنْ مَضَتْ فِي أَسْلَافِهِمْ الَّذِينَ مَضَوْا...

قال المحقق الأرنؤوط

حسن لغيره وهذا إسناد ضعيف، لضعف ابن أبي مالك واسمه خالد بن يزيد بن عبد الرحمن الهمداني الدمشقي.

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