Fatwa: # 45593
Category: Jurisprudence and Rulings...
Country:
Date: 27th August 2020

Title

Can I keep a gift from a Haraam relationship?

Question

Can I keep a gift from a zina relationship?

A.W.W Back end of last year I was involved with another lady. Not physically but more on an emotional basis and we fell for each other deep.

However, I am married and realised it was totally wrong so ended it and have been repenting ever since. The lady gifted me a tasbeeh and also some clothing. I wanted to ask if I should keep this or dispose of it?

It doesnt really bring me any memories of her anymore as I just see it as clothes and a tasbeeh but as it has been gifted by someone I've done zina with , should I keep the items she gifted me or not?

What I did was terrible and I have been repenting eversince and will continue. Your advice is appreciated, jazak Allah khairun

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Brother in Islam,

You mention that you have realised your wrong and have been repenting ever since. Complete Taubah and repentance from a sin is to abandon the sin and anything related to the sin.

Accordingly, in the situation in reference, the Tasbeeh and clothing should be disposed of by giving them in Sadaqah.[i]

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

 

Checked and Approved by,

Mufti Ebrahim Desai

 


[i] مجلة الأحكام العدلية (ص: 162)

(الْمَادَّةُ 837) تَنْعَقِدُ الْهِبَةُ بِالْإِيجَابِ وَالْقَبُولِ وَتَتِمُّ بِالْقَبْضِ

 

مختصر القدوري (ص: 124)

الهبة: تصح بالإيجاب والقبول وتتم القبض

 

الهداية في شرح بداية المبتدي (3/ 222)

الهبة عقد مشروع لقوله عليه الصلاة والسلام: "تهادوا تحابوا" وعلى ذلك انعقد الإجماع "وتصح بالإيجاب والقبول والقبض" أما الإيجاب والقبول فلأنه عقد، والعقد ينعقد بالإيجاب، والقبول، والقبض لا بد منه لثبوت الملك. وقال مالك: يثبت الملك فيه قبل القبض اعتبارا بالبيع، وعلى هذا الخلاف الصدقة. ولنا قوله عليه الصلاة والسلام: "لا تجوز الهبة إلا مقبوضة" والمراد نفي الملك، لأن الجواز بدونه ثابت، ولأنه عقد تبرع، وفي إثبات الملك قبل القبض إلزام المتبرع شيئا لم يتبرع به، وهو التسليم فلا يصح، بخلاف الوصية؛ لأن أوان ثبوت الملك فيها بعد الموت ولا إلزام على المتبرع؛ لعدم أهلية اللزوم، وحق الوارث متأخر عن الوصية فلم يملكها.

 

الدر المختار شرح تنوير الأبصار وجامع البحار (ص: 560)

وجه المنا سبة ظاهر (هي) لغة: التفضيل على الغير ولو غير مال وشرعا: (تمليك العين مجانا) أي بلا عوض

(وشرائط صحتها في الواهب: العقل والبلوغ والملك) فلا تصح هبة صغير ورقيق ولو مكاتبا.

(و) شرائط صحتها (في الموهوب أن يكون مقبوضا غير مشاع مميزا غير مشغول) كما سيتضح.

(وركنها): هو (الايجاب والقبول) كما سيجئ.

(وحكمها: ثبوت الملك للموهوب له عير لازم) فله الرجوع والفسخ

 

فتاوی عثمانية 8/4

ہبہ میں بحیثیت جو تین باتیں پائی جاتی ہیں: معطی کی طرف سے پیشکش،یعنی ایجاب،جس کو دیا جا رہا ہو اس کی طرف سے قبول اور قبضہ- ہبہ ان تین افعال سے مرکب ہوتا ہے-

 

 

 

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