Fatwa: # 45520
Category: Jurisprudence and Rulings...
Country:
Date: 17th September 2020

Title

I wrote the word "divorce" with out any intention - Does this constitute divorce?

Question

Assalam o alaikum!

I was once writing different words while alone and also wrote a word 'divorce' in that siutation without any intention. Now, I'm worried if this has constituted any divorce in Shariah. Please advise.

Jazakallah

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

You state you were writing different words and wrote the word “divorce” without any intention.  

In principle, the mere writing of the word “divorce’’ does not constitute a divorce.[1]  

Accordingly, your Nikah is intact.

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Hasan Ahmed Razzak

Student – Darul Iftaa

Paterson, New Jersey, USA

Checked and Approved by,

Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 

27-01-1442| 09-15-2020

______

 


[1]

بدائع الصنائع في ترتيب الشرائع (3/ 109)

وَأَمَّا النَّوْعُ الثَّانِي فَهُوَ أَنْ يَكْتُبَ عَلَى قِرْطَاسٍ أَوْ لَوْحٍ أَوْ أَرْضٍ أَوْ حَائِطٍ كِتَابَةً مُسْتَبِينَةً لَكِنْ لَا عَلَى وَجْهِ الْمُخَاطَبَةِ امْرَأَتُهُ طَالِقٌ فَيُسْأَلُ عَنْ نِيَّتِهِ؛ فَإِنْ قَالَ: نَوَيْتُ بِهِ الطَّلَاقَ وَقَعَ، وَإِنْ قَالَ: لَمْ أَنْوِ بِهِ الطَّلَاقَ صُدِّقَ فِي الْقَضَاءِ؛ لِأَنَّ الْكِتَابَةَ عَلَى هَذَا الْوَجْهِ بِمَنْزِلَةِ الْكِتَابَةِ لِأَنَّ الْإِنْسَانَ قَدْ يَكْتُبُ عَلَى هَذَا الْوَجْهِ وَيُرِيدُ بِهِ الطَّلَاقَ وَقَدْ يَكْتُبُ لِتَجْوِيدِ الْخَطِّ فَلَا يُحْمَلُ عَلَى الطَّلَاقِ إلَّا بِالنِّيَّةِ وَإِنْ كُتِبَتْ كِتَابَةٌ غَيْرُ مُسْتَبِينَةٍ بِأَنْ كَتَبَ عَلَى الْمَاءِ أَوْ عَلَى الْهَوَاءِ فَذَلِكَ لَيْسَ بِشَيْءٍ حَتَّى لَا يَقَعَ بِهِ الطَّلَاقُ وَإِنْ نَوَى

 

بدائع الصنائع في ترتيب الشرائع (3/ 109)

وَإِنْ كَتَبَ كِتَابَةً مَرْسُومَةً عَلَى طَرِيقِ الْخِطَابِ وَالرِّسَالَةِ مِثْلُ: أَنْ يَكْتُبَ أَمَّا بَعْدَ يَا فُلَانَةُ فَأَنْتِ طَالِقٌ أَوْ إذَا وَصَلَ كِتَابِي إلَيْك فَأَنْتِ طَالِقٌ يَقَعُ بِهِ الطَّلَاقُ، وَلَوْ قَالَ: مَا أَرَدْتُ بِهِ الطَّلَاقَ أَصْلًا لَا يُصَدَّقُ إلَّا أَنْ يَقُولَ: نَوَيْت طَلَاقًا مِنْ وَثَاقٍ فَيُصَدَّقُ فِيمَا بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ

 

المحيط البرهاني في الفقه النعماني (3/ 275)

وإن كانت مستبينة على وجه يمكن قراءتها وفهمها بأن كتب على الأرض أو الحجر إلا أنه غير مصدر ولا معنون وفي هذا الوجه إن نوى الطلاق يقع، وإن لم ينو لا يقع، فبعد ذلك إن (كان) ذلك صحيحاً يبين بنية بلسانه وإن كان أخرساً...... بالكتاب

 

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