Fatwa: # 45479
Category: Jurisprudence and Rulings...
Date: 23rd September 2020


Does a heir by default have the right to view/be given a copy of the will?


Does a heir by default have the right to view/be given a copy of the will?

Should this be provided as standard by the executors or only if requested by a heir?


In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.  

As-salāmu alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.  


There is no Shari’ obligation or rights attached to viewing or receiving a copy of the will.  


Nevertheless, since the heirs have a right to the estate and the contents of the will are intrinsically linked to their rights, it is advisable to present the will to the heirs.[i][i] 


And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best 


Student Darul Iftaa  


Checked and Approved by, 
Mufti Ebrahim Desai. 



الفتاوى الهندية (6/ 218

)مَحْضَرٌ فِيهِ دَعْوَى الْوَصِيَّةِ بِثُلُثِ الْمَالِ( 

(مَحْضَرٌ فِيهِ دَعْوَى الْوَصِيَّةِ بِثُلُثِ الْمَالِ) صُورَتُهُ ادَّعَى هَذَا الْحَاضِرُ عَلَى هَذَا الْمُحْضَرِ مَعَهُ أَنَّ أَبَا هَذَا الْمُحْضَرِ مَعَهُ أَوْصَى لِهَذَا الْحَاضِرِ بِثُلُثِ جَمِيعِ مَالِهِ فِي حَيَاتِهِ وَصِحَّتِهِ وَثَبَاتِ عَقْلِهِ وَصِيَّةً صَحِيحَةً، وَأَنَّ هَذَا الْحَاضِرَ قَبِلَ مِنْهُ هَذِهِ الْوَصِيَّةَ بَعْدَ مَوْتِ أَبِي هَذَا الْمُحْضَرِ مَعَهُ قَبُولًا صَحِيحًا، وَصَارَ ثُلُثُ جَمِيعِ تَرِكَةِ أَبِي هَذَا الْمُحْضَرِ لِهَذَا الْحَاضِرِ بِحُكْمِ هَذِهِ الْوَصِيَّةِ، وَفِي يَدِ هَذَا الْمُحْضَرِ مَعَهُ مِنْ تَرِكَةِ أَبِيهِ كَذَا، وَكَذَا فَعَلَيْهِ تَسْلِيمُ ذَلِكَ إلَى هَذَا الْحَاضِرِ لِيَقْبِضَهُ لِنَفْسِهِ بِحُكْمِ هَذِهِ الْوَصِيَّةِ فَرُدَّ الْمَحْضَرُ بِعِلَّةِ أَنَّهُ لَمْ يَكُنْ فِي الْمَحْضَرِ أَوْصَى فِي حَالِ جَوَازِ تَصَرُّفَاتِهِ وَنَفَاذِهَا، إنَّمَا كَانَ فِيهِ أَوْصَى فِي حَيَاتِهِ وَصِحَّتِهِ وَثَبَاتِ عَقْلِهِ.[1][i]  


سنن الترمذي ت بشار (3/ 19)   

حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ حُجْرٍ، قَالَ: حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُسْهِرٍ، وَغَيْرُهُ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عُبَيْدِ اللهِ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ فِي خُطْبَتِهِ: البَيِّنَةُ عَلَى الْمُدَّعِي، وَاليَمِينُ عَلَى الْمُدَّعَى عَلَيْهِ هَذَا حَدِيثٌ فِي إِسْنَادِهِ مَقَالٌ 


سنن الدار قطني (5/ 276) 

نا أَبُو حَامِدٍ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ هَارُونَ، نا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مَنِيعٍ، نا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ أَبِي يَزِيدَ الْهَمْدَانِيُّ، نا الْحَجَّاجُ , عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ , عَنْ أَبِيهِ , عَنْ جَدِّهِ , قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ:  «الْبَيِّنَةُ عَلَى الْمُدَّعِي , وَالْيَمِينُ عَلَى الْمُدَّعَى عَلَيْهِ» 


السنن الكبرى للبيهقي (6/ 326) 

إِنَّمَا قَوْلُ رَسُولِ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: " الْبَيِّنَةُ عَلَى الْمُدَّعِي "، فَهَذَا مُدَّعِي 




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