Fatwa: # 45369
Category: Beliefs and Practices (Aq...
Date: 22nd September 2020


Sun/Moon revolving around the earth


Assalamu Alaikum,

One of my Hindu friend's sent me a video in which a maulana is explaining children that earth is static and sun/moon are revolving around the earth.

My friend is asking explanation on the vearactiy of the statement made by maulana.

Kindly give me an explanation that will satisfy my friends concern and support the Quran.

Jazak Allahu Khairan.


In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

You refer to the earth, sun and the moon. The Quran refers to the movement of the sun and moon in the following verses: [i]

وآية لهم الليل نسلخ منه النهار فإذا هم مظلمون  والشمس تجري لمستقر لها ذلك تقدير العزيز العليم والقمر قدرناه منازل حتى عاد كالعرجون القديم  لا الشمس ينبغي لها أن تدرك القمر ولا الليل سابق النهار وكل في فلك يسبحون

(سورة يس: 37-40)


Translation: And a sign for them is the night. We strip (the cover of) the day from it, and they are suddenly in darkness. And the sun is quickly proceeding towards its destination. That is the designing of the All-Mighty, the All-Knowing.  And for the moon We have appointed measured phases, until it turned (pale, curved and fine) like an old branch of date palm. Neither it is for the sun to overtake the moon, nor can the night outpace the day. Each one is floating in an orbit. (Surah Ya Seen: 37-40)


There is no explicit verse about the earth being static or moving. The Quran is silent on that. In such verses, our approach is:

فَقَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ: أَبْهِمُوا مَا أَبْهَمَهُ اللَّه - روح البيان (9/ 352)

Translation: “Leave those things as unclear that Allah has left as unclear” (Rooh ul Bayaan:352/9)

If any issue is scientifically proven and that is not contrary to the Quran, then it can be accepted. However, if any scientific finding is contrary to the Quran, we will reject it.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Mahmood Suliman

Student Darul Iftaa
Gaborone, Botswana

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.






[i] تفسير ابن كثير ت سلامة (6/ 579)

وَقَوْلُهُ: {وَكُلٌّ فِي فَلَكٍ يَسْبَحُونَ} يَعْنِي: اللَّيْلَ وَالنَّهَارَ، وَالشَّمْسَ وَالْقَمَرَ، كُلُّهُمْ يَسْبَحُونَ، أَيْ: يَدُورُونَ فِي فَلَكِ السَّمَاءِ. قَالَهُ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ، وعِكْرِمة، وَالضَّحَّاكُ، وَالْحَسَنُ، وَقَتَادَةُ، وَعَطَاءٌ الْخُرَاسَانِيِّ.

وَقَالَ عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَسْلَمَ: فِي فَلَكٍ بَيْنَ السَّمَاءِ وَالْأَرْضِ. رَوَاهُ ابْنُ أَبِي حَاتِمٍ، وَهُوَ غَرِيبٌ جِدًّا، بَلْ مُنْكَرٌ.

قَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ وَغَيْرُ وَاحِدٍ مِنَ السَّلَفِ: فِي فَلْكَةٍ كفَلْكَة المغْزَل.

وَقَالَ مُجَاهِدٌ: الفَلَك كَحَدِيدِ الرَّحَى، أَوْ كَفَلْكَةِ الْمِغْزَلِ، لَا يَدُورُ الْمِغْزَلُ إِلَّا بها، ولا تدور إلا به


تفسير الماتريدي = تأويلات أهل السنة (8/ 521)

وقوله: (وَكُلٌّ فِي فَلَكٍ يَسْبَحُونَ).

يعني: الشمس والقمر، قَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ: أي: في دورانه واستدارته يجرون على ما ذكرنا، لا يمنع هذا هذا، ولا هذا هذا؛ وعلى هذا التأويل هو الدوران الذي يدور عليه الشمس والقمم.

وقَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ: إن تحت السماء في الهواء بحرًا مكفوفًا، فيه تطلع الشمس وفيه تغرب، وكذلك القمر، فإن كان على هذا فيكون قوله: (فِي فَلَكٍ يَسْبَحُونَ) على حقيقة السباحة والعوامة، ويروى في ذلك خبر على ما ذكرنا


تفسير ابن كثير ت سلامة (6/ 577)

وَقَرَأَ ابْنُ مَسْعُودٍ، وَابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ: "وَالشَّمْسُ تَجْرِي لَا مُسْتَقَرَّ لَهَا" أَيْ: لَا قَرَارَ لَهَا وَلَا سُكُونَ، بَلْ هِيَ سَائِرَةٌ لَيْلًا وَنَهَارًا، لَا تَفْتُرُ وَلَا تَقِفُ. كَمَا قَالَ تَعَالَى: {وَسَخَّرَ لَكُمُ الشَّمْسَ وَالْقَمَرَ دَائِبَيْنِ} [إِبْرَاهِيمَ: 33] أَيْ: لَا يَفْتُرَانِ وَلَا يَقِفَانِ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ


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