Fatwa: # 45331
Category: Beliefs and Practices (Aq...
Country:
Date: 30th June 2020

Title

Clarity on the presence of Allah Ta’ala

Question

salam

I read one of the questions online on askimam just trying to gain more knowledge and one of the questions are really starting to cause me diffculty the question was about Allah's being.

it was fatwa no.43272

date:1st oct 2019 


the reply mentioned was "Your understanding of Allah as a real Being is correct. Allah is not just a feeling like the feelings of joy and happiness. It is possible your friend gave the example of joy and happiness merely to explain that one cannot see Allah like how one cannot see joy and happiness. Joy is a feeling. Likewise, we cannot see Allah but we feel the presence of Allah within us. However, Allah is a real being. We do not attribute a form to Allah as Allah is eternal and beyond bodily form. Body and form are creations and are confined to a place. Allah is not a creation. He is our Creator. Anything confined to a place is finite and restricted. Allah is unlimited and not restricted. He has power over everything and is eternal. 

 


but im really struggling on the part where moulana sab said "we cannot see Allah but we feel the presence of Allah within us."

i know we dont believe in hulool or that Allah is actually present within us so what does this mean?
also what does in mean that Allah is not just a feeling, because Allah is not a feeling overall because he created our feelings so im just alittle bit confused?

if i said anything wrong please forgive me ive tried to fight what shaytan has been saying to me about Allah for a few weeks now i just wanted an answer to put my heart to rest.


jazaka'Allah

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

At the onset one needs to understand that a central point of belief with respect to Allah Ta’ala after affirming His Oneness, is to truly believe that there is no similitude between Allah and His creation. Allah does not resemble His creation in anyway. No imagination or understanding can comprehend Him.

 

Allah Ta’ala addresses this point in the following verses of the Qur’aan:

 

لَيۡسَ كَمِثۡلِه شَىۡءٌ (الشورى:11)

“There is no other like Him.” (Al-Shura:11)

 

 

وَلَمۡ يَكُنۡ لَّه كُفُوًا اَحَدٌ (الاخلاص:4)

“There is no one comparable to Him.” (Al-Ikhlaas:4)

 

 

Before addressing your query, let us ponder over the following Ahaadith:

 

قَالَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: " يَأْتِي الشَّيْطَانُ أَحَدَكُمْ فَيَقُولُ: مَنْ خَلَقَ كَذَا، مَنْ خَلَقَ كَذَا، حَتَّى يَقُولَ: مَنْ خَلَقَ رَبَّكَ؟ فَإِذَا بَلَغَهُ فَلْيَسْتَعِذْ بِاللَّهِ وَلْيَنْتَهِ " صحيح البخاري (4/ 123)

 

Hadhrat Abu Huraira (Radhiyallhu Anhu) said that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihu Wasallam) said, "Shaitaan comes to one of you and says, 'Who created so-and-so? 'till he says, 'Who has created your Lord?' So, when he inspires such a question, one should seek refuge with Allah and give up such thoughts."

 

 

One understands from the above narration that such questions are from the work of Shaitaan. Shaitaan tries his utmost best to interfere in the thoughts of man until he leads him out of the fold of Islam. Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihu Wasallam) advises us to seek refuge in Allah Ta’ala from shaitaan and such thoughts and not to entertain these thoughts.

 

Imaam Bukhari (Rahmatullahi Alaihi) further brings another Hadith under the chapter ‘Asking too many questions and worrying about that which does not concern one’:

 

عن أَنَسَ بْنَ مَالِكٍ، يَقُولُ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: " لَنْ يَبْرَحَ النَّاسُ يَتَسَاءَلُونَ حَتَّى يَقُولُوا: هَذَا اللَّهُ خَالِقُ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ، فَمَنْ خَلَقَ اللَّهَ " صحيح البخاري (9/ 96)

 

Hadhrat Anas bin Malik (Radhiyallhu Anhu) narrates that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihu Wasallam) said, "People will not stop asking questions till they say, 'This is Allah, the Creator of everything, then who created Allah?' "

 

 

From the above narrations, we further understand the importance of clearing our mind of such thoughts and the easiest way to do so is to steer clear from trying to grasp the reality of Allah Ta’ala, and suffice by understanding that the human intellect is very limited in its reach. We must further realize that our inability to fully understand Allah Ta’ala is due to our weakness and imperfection as humans.

 

We also need to engrave in our minds and hearts that we have not been commanded to identify the exact form or location of Allah Ta’ala. Rather, our responsibility is to recognize Allah Ta’ala, affirm His exaltedness and Oneness, build a strong relationship with Him by worshiping Him, obeying His commands and abstaining from His prohibitions.

 

We mentioned in answer to a previous question, "we cannot see Allah but we feel the presence of Allah within us." You state you require clarity on the above-mentioned statement.

This statement does not in any way imply adherence to the concept of incarnation (Hulool). It was mentioned in answer to a query posed to us regarding the being of Allah Ta’ala as an explanation to understand that despite Allah Ta’ala being a real being, there is no form or bodily figure that can be attributed to Him. Allah Ta’ala mentions in the Qur’aan:

وَنَحۡنُ اَقۡرَبُ اِلَيۡهِ مِنۡ حَبۡلِ الۡوَرِيۡدِ (قاف:16)

“We are closer to him than his jugular vein.” (Qaaf:16)

 

This may be further understood and clarified by the famous narration expressing a dialogue that took place between Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihu Wasallam) and Jiba’reel (Alaihis Salaam):

قَالَ: مَا الإِحْسَانُ؟ قَالَ: «أَنْ تَعْبُدَ اللَّهَ كَأَنَّكَ تَرَاهُ، فَإِنْ لَمْ تَكُنْ تَرَاهُ فَإِنَّهُ يَرَاكَ» صحيح البخاري (1/ 19)

“Then he (Jibra’eel) further asked, what is Ihsan (perfection)? Allah's Apostle replied: ‘To worship Allah as if you see Him, and if you cannot achieve this state of devotion then you must consider that He is looking at you’.”

The words of Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) explaining what is meant by Ihsaan, “to worship Allah as if you see Him” indicate that we should worship Allah in this manner, which is to try and feel His closeness and to feel His presence before us. This requires one to be filled with fear, awe and veneration and understand that we still worship Allah Ta’ala despite us not being able to fully comprehend the lofty status of Allah Ta’ala.

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Abdullah Noorgat

Student Darul Ifta

South Africa

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 

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