Fatwa: # 44805
Category: Jurisprudence and Rulings...
Country:
Date: 26th June 2020

Title

Does converting to Islam erase one's past sins?

Question

Salaam

Q1) When a person reverts to Islam do the major sins that they committed before becoming muslim do they also get forgiven or is it only the minor sins that get forgiven 

Q2) Does a persons marriage before reverting to Islam remain valid after the person becomes a muslim or will the revert have to divorce his spouse after he becomes a muslim because there was no nikah when he was a non muslim 

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. 

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh. 

 

1)Islam erases all sins, the minor and the major, that are committed prior to becoming Muslim.

 

Consider the following narration,

It is recorded that 'Amr ibn Al-'Aas (Radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) once said:

فَلَمَّا جَعَلَ اللهُ الإِسْلاَمَ فِي قَلْبِي, أَتَيْتُ النَّبِيَّ صَلى الله عَليه وسَلم, فَقُلْتُ: ابْسُطْ يَمِينَكَ فَلأُبَايِعْكَ, فَبَسَطَ يَمِينَهُ, قَالَ: فَقَبَضْتُ يَدِي, قَالَ: مَا لَكَ يَا عَمْرُو؟ قَالَ: قُلْتُ: أَرَدْتُ أَنْ أَشْتَرِطَ, قَالَ: تَشْتَرِطُ بِمَاذَا؟ قُلْتُ: أَنْ يُغْفَرَ لِي, قَالَ: أَمَا عَلِمْتَ أَنَّ الإِسْلاَمَ يَهْدِمُ مَا كَانَ قَبْلَهُ؟

Translation: When Allah put Islam in my heart, I came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and said: Give me your right hand so that I may swear allegiance to you. He held out his hand and I withdrew my hand. He said, what is the matter, Oh Amr? I said, I want to stipulate a condition. He said, what do you want to stipulate? I said, That I will be forgiven. He said, do you not know that Islam wipes out previous sins?[i][i]

 

Imam Qurtubi (656AH) states under the commentary of this hadith, that both the minor and major sins will be forgiven when accepting Islam and as such when a person embraces Islam, he/she starts with a clean slate. [ii][ii]

 

2)In order for us to answer your query kindly clarify the following,

  1. What religion did both the spouses believe in when they initially got married?
  2. What religion does the wife currently believe in?

 

You may forward your answers to admin@daruliftaa.net.

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Mohammed

Student Darul Iftaa 

UK

Checked and Approved by, 
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 

 


[iii][i] صحيح مسلم (ط التأصيل) (1/ 460(

 فَلَمَّا جَعَلَ اللهُ الإِسْلاَمَ فِي قَلْبِي, أَتَيْتُ النَّبِيَّ صَلى الله عَليه وسَلم, فَقُلْتُ: ابْسُطْ يَمِينَكَ فَلأُبَايِعْكَ, فَبَسَطَ يَمِينَهُ, قَالَ: فَقَبَضْتُ يَدِي, قَالَ: مَا لَكَ يَا عَمْرُو (6)؟ قَالَ: قُلْتُ: أَرَدْتُ أَنْ أَشْتَرِطَ, قَالَ: تَشْتَرِطُ بِمَاذَا؟ قُلْتُ: أَنْ يُغْفَرَ لِي, قَالَ: أَمَا عَلِمْتَ أَنَّ الإِسْلاَمَ يَهْدِمُ مَا كَانَ قَبْلَهُ؟ وَأَنَّ الْهِجْرَةَ تَهْدِمُ مَا كَانَ قَبْلَهَا؟ وَأَنَّ الْحَجَّ يَهْدِمُ مَا كَانَ قَبْلَهُ؟

 

[iv][ii] المفهم لما أشكل من تلخيص كتاب مسلم (1/ 329)

و(قوله: إِنَّ الإِسلاَمَ يَهدِمُ مَا كَانَ قَبلَهُ، وَإِنَّ الهِجرَةَ تَهدِمُ مَا كَانَ قَبلَهَا، وَإِنَّ الحَجَّ يَهدِمُ مَا كَانَ قَبلَهُ) الهَدمُ هنا: استعارةٌ وتوسُّع، يعني به: الإذهابَ والإزالة؛ لأنَّ الجدار إذا انهدم، فقد زالَ وضعُهُ، وذهَبَ وجودُهُ، وقد عبَّر عنه في الرواية الأخرى بالجَبِّ، فقال: يَجُبُّ، أي: يَقطَعُ، ومنه المجبوبُ، وهو المقطوعُ ذَكَرُهُ.

ومعنى العبارتَينِ واحد، ومقصودُهُمَا: أنَّ هذه الأعمالَ الثلاثةَ تُسقِطُ الذنوبَ التي تقدَّمَتهَا كلَّها، صغيرَهَا وكبيرها؛ فإنَّ ألفاظَهَا عامَّةٌ خرجَت على سؤالٍ خاصٍّ؛ فإنَّ عَمرًا إنما سأل أن يغفَرَ له ذنوبُهُ السابقةُ بالإسلام، فأُجِيبَ على ذلك؛ فالذنوبُ داخلةٌ في تلك الألفاظِ العامَّةِ قطعًا، وهي بحكم عمومها صالحةٌ لتناوُلِ الحقوقِ الشرعيَّة، والحقوقِ الآدميَّة؛ وقد ثبَتَ ذلك في حَقِّ الكافر الحربيِّ إذا أسلَمَ؛ فإنَّه لا يُطَالَبُ بشيء مِن تلك الحقوق، ولو قَتَلَ وأَخَذَ الأموالَ، لم يُقتَصَّ منه بالإجماع، ولو خرجَتِ الأموالُ مِن تحت يده، لم يطالَب بشيء منها.

 

دليل الفالحين لطرق رياض الصالحين (5/ 195)

(قال: أما علمت أن الإسلام يهدم ما كان قبله) من سائر الذنوب التي أعظمها الكفر، قال تعالى: قل للذين كفروا إن ينتهوا يغفر لهم ما قد سلف


 

 

DISCLAIMER - AskImam.org questions
AskImam.org answers issues pertaining to Shar'ah. Thereafter, these questions and answers are placed for public view on www.askimam.org for educational purposes. However, many of these answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation or another environment. Askimam.org bears no responsibility with regards to these questions being used out of their intended context.
  • The Shar's ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.
  • AskImam.org bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.
  • This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of AskImam.org.
  • Any or all links provided in our emails, answers and articles are restricted to the specific material being cited. Such referencing should not be taken as an endorsement of other contents of that website.
The Messenger of Allah said, "When Allah wishes good for someone, He bestows upon him the understanding of Deen."
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]