Fatwa: # 42795
Category: Purity (Tahaarah)
Country:
Date: 16th July 2019

Title

If istinjaa is not made, is ghusl compulsory?

Question

My question is that if a Muslim does not wash his private parts after urination. Then for him ghusl is compulsory? 

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Istibraa (ensuring that every single drop of urine is expelled) is waajib (necessary).[1] 

Istinjaa (thoroughly washing the private parts after relieving oneself) is Sunnah if the impurity is lesser than the diameter of a dirham which is 2.75 centimeters.[2] If the impurity exceeds 2.75 centimeters, then istinjaa will be Fard (compulsory) and leaving out istinjaa in this situation will be a sin.[3]  

If an individual leaves out washing his private parts after passing urine, he should still make istinjaa at a later stage before making wudhu to carry out Ibaadaat such as Salaah etc. In this case, if the urine has soiled his undergarments or clothing, then that too should be washed. However, ghusl will NOT be compulsory by merely passing urine.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Muhammad Yusuf bin Moulana Abdur Rahim Khan

Student Darul Iftaa
Chatsworth, Durban, KZN, South Africa 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

_______


[1] نور الإيضاح ونجاة الأرواح في الفقه الحنفي (ص: 17)

 - يلزم الرجل الاستبراء حتى يزول أثر البول ويطمئن قلبه على حسب عادته إما بالمشي أو التنحنح أو الاضطجاع أو غيره.

 - ولا يجوز له الشروع في الوضوء حتى يطمئن بزوال رشح البول.

 

[2] احسن الفتاویٰ جلد دوم صفحہ ٨٩

 

مختصر القدوري (ص: 21)

والاستنجاء سنة يجزي فيها الحجر وما يقوم مقامه يمسحه حتى ينقه وليس فيه عدد مسنون وغسله بالماء أفضل فإن تجاوزت النجاسة مخرجها لم يجز فيه إلا الماء

 

[3] نور الإيضاح ونجاة الأرواح في الفقه الحنفي (ص: 17)

- والاستنجاء سنة من نجس يخرج من السبيلين ما لم يتجاوز المخرج.

- وإن تجاوز وكان قدر الدرهم وجب إزالته بالماء.

- وإن زاد على الدرهم افترض.

 

البناية شرح الهداية (1/ 748)

وأما الفرض فهي ما إذا كانت النجاسة أكثر من قدر الدرهم، وأما السنة فهي ما إذا كانت النجاسة أقل من قدر الدرهم فالاستنجاء حينئذ سنة، وأما

المستحب فهو ما إذا بال ولم يتغوط فإنه يغسل قبله دون دبره

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