Fatwa: # 42778
Category: Beliefs and Practices (Aq...
Country:
Date: 15th July 2019

Title

Malakul Maut

Question

I have a small question. Today I was watching some hadith videos on YouTube and then I saw a video about Malaik-al-Mawt (Angel of Death). It stated that the Angel of Death has never been mentioned by name in any of the hadiths or in the Quran. Then I browsed around on Google and saw some articles that sums all angels up that has been mentioned by name. Djibreel, Mikail, Israfil, Munkar & Nakir, Harut & Marut.

Afterwards I saw another article mentioning the angel Azrael, saying that he's the angel of death. So my question is, dear brother, who is the angel of death? Do we know his name? If no, what's Azrael's main task as an angel?

I hope you can answer my question.

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Muhammed Bin Sireen Rahmatullahi Alaihi has advised:

(pg17 إن هذا العلم دين فانظروا عن من تأخذوا دينكم (مقدمه صحيح مسلم مكتبة العصرية

Certainly this knowledge is Deen, so be wary from who you take your Deen from.”

The information found in google and the internet are not always authentic. You should consult your local Ulama and seek advice on reading authentic Islamic literature.

Malakul Maut literally means ‘The Angel of death’ which is referred to in the following verse of the Quraan Kareem;

قُلْ يَتَوَفّٰىكُمْ مَّلَكُ الْمَوْتِ الَّذِى وُكِّلَ بِكُمْ ثُمَّ إِلٰى رَبِّكُمْ تُرْجَعُونَ


"Say, The angel of death will take you who has been entrusted with you. Then to your Lord you will be returned."
(Surah Sajda 32: Verse 11)

According to one view, Malakul Maut refers to the head of a group of Angels who are responsible to extract the souls of dying people.

According to some weak narrations, the name of Malakul Maut is Izraeel.iiiiiiivvvi

Our focus should be more on preparing for death in the state of Imaan, rather than knowing the exact name of Malakul Maut.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Muhammad Fayyaadh

Student - Darul Iftaa

South Africa

Checked and Approved by,

Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

______


iالظاهر أن ملك الموت شخص معين، وَقَدْ سُمِّيَ فِي بَعْضِ الْآثَارِ بِعِزْرَائِيل

وهو المشهور (قاله قتادة وغير واحد من علماء السلف)، وَلَهُ أَعْوَانٌ؛ وَهَكَذَا وَرَدَ فِي الْحَدِيثِ أَنَّ أَعْوَانَهُ يَنْتَزِعُونَ الْأَرْوَاحَ مِن (Tafseer Ibn Katheer vol.3 pg 561)سَائِرِ الْجَسَدِ، حَتَّى إِذَا بَلَغَتِ الْحُلْقُومَ تَنَاوَلَهَا مَلَكُ الْمَوْت

 

iiSayyidna Izra'il is the foremost among them the one who is the master-manager of death throughout the world. Whenever and wherever a person is destined to die, it is precisely at that time that he draws out his soul from his body.' This is what has been stated in the cited verse. It should be noted that Malakul maut (Angel of death) has been mentioned in the singular form, It means Sayyidna Izra'il. Please compare it with another verse where it is said: (the ones to whom the angels brought death 16:28 Here, the word: (mala'ikah: angels) has been used in the plural form. This releases the hint that Sayyidna 'Izra'il does not do this alone. Many angels under him take part in accomplishing this duty.

(Maariful Quraan, Mufti Shafee RA. eng.vol7 pg74)

 

iii قال السيوطي ( ۹ / ۱۸۸ ) : وأخرج ابن أبي الدنيا وأبو الشيخ في « العظمة>> ، عن اشعث ابن شعیب رضي الله عنه قال : سال إبراهيم عليه السلام ملك الموت واسمه عزرائيل و له عينان في وجهه وعين في قفاه فقال : يا ملك الموت ما تصنع إذا كانت نفس بالمشرق و نفس بالمغرب ووضع الوباء بأرض والتقى الزحفان ، كيف تصنع ؟ قال : أدعو الأرواح بإذن الله فتكون بين أصبعي هاتين

قلت :الأشعث بن شعيب لم أجد له ترجمة الآن . ولعله أشعث بن شعىبة ابو احمدالمصيصيى ، فإن كان هو فهو مقبول . كما قال الحافظ في التقريب ، ( ۵۲۹ ) من الثامنة وعليه فالاثر منقطع وضعفه راويه وهو من الإسرائيليات.

(موسوعة الإسرائيليات و الموضوعات .vol2 pg 699)


iv وَأَمَّا مَلَكُ الْمَوْتِ فَلَيْسَ بِمُصَرَّحٍ بِاسْمِهِ فِي الْقُرْآنِ وَلَا فِي الْأَحَادِيثِ الصِّحَاحِ

(بداية و النهاية vol.1pg 60) وَقَدْ جَاءَ تَسْمِيَتُهُ فِي بَعْضِ الْآثَارِ* بِعِزْرَائِيلَ وَاللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ

*منها ما أخرجه أبو الشيخ في العظمة برقم ( ۳۸٤ ) من طريق عبد الصمد ، عن وهب بن منبه قوله ، وفي إسناده محمد بن ابراهيم بن العلاء منكر الحديث ، إضافة إلى انقطاعه

 

v ولم يأت دليل صريح على اسمه، والقول بأنَّه عزرائيل ليس عليه دليل، وإنما جاء في بعض الإسرائيليات، فيكتفى بوصفه بأنَّه ملك الموت. (تذكرة المؤتمي شرح عقيدة حافظ عبد الغني مقدسى)

 

vi وملك الموت، فإنه.. لكان أولى: لأن تسميته باسم: "عزرائيل" لم يثبت فيه شيء مرفوع. وانظر: حرف العين من كتاب: "معجم المناهي اللفظية".(فتح الله الحميد المجيد)

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