Fatwa: # 41595
Category: Jurisprudence and Rulings...
Country: Indonesia
Date: 19th March 2020

Title

If I get A score for biopsychology lesson, I will do Sujud to Allah

Question

I made a nadhr "If I get A score for biopsychology lesson, I will do sujud to Allah" in front of my friend and then added "and you will be the witness, okay?". What I meant from that nadhr is, if I get A score for my biopsychology midtest/end of the semester score, I will do sujud to Allah. And by the witness, what I meant is my friend act as the witness of my spoken nadhr, not the witness of my sujud if my nadhr is fulfilled. But I'm afraid that my spoken nadhr might be written as it is, thus I have to perform sujud to Allah while my friend is watching me. Note that that friend of mine is a nonmuslim so it might be awkward to ask her to witness my sujud. Can I change my nadhr to a better prayer doings?

Answer

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful 
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh

Your statement “if you get an A score for biopsychology lesson, then you will do sujūd to Allah”  falls under the category of nadhr. Therefore, if you score an A for your biopsychology exam, then it will be compulsory for you to fulfill the Sujūd.[1]There is no need to do the Sajdah in front of your friend.[2]

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best.

Akhyar Uddin 

Student, Darul Iftaa 

Buffalo, New York, USA 

Checked and Approved by

Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 


نور الإيضاح ونجاة الأرواح في الفقه الحنفي (ص143)         [1]

إذا نذر شيئا لزمه الوفاء به إذا اجتمع فيه ثلاثة شروط:1 - أن يكون من جنسه واجب.2 - وأن يكون مقصودا.3 - ليس واجبا.4 -[وقد زيد شرط رابع وهو أن لا يكون المنذور محالا]

 

الهداية في شرح بداية المبتدي (2/ 321)

وإن علق النذر بشرط فوجد الشرط فعليه الوفاء بنفس النذر " لإطلاق الحديث ولأن المعلق بشرط كالمنجز عنده

 

النهر الفائق شرح كنز الدقائق (3/ 62)

(ومن نذر نذرا مطلقا، أو معلقا بشرط) يراد كونه أو لا (ووجد) الشرط (وفي) المنذور هذا ظاهر الرواية لقوله عليه الصلاة والسلام: (من نذر وسمى فعليه الوفاء بما سمى)

 

فقه العبادات - حنفي (ص: 142) [2]

 النية: لقوله صلى الله عليه و سلم : ( إنما الأعمال بالنيات ) ولأنه عبادة محضة فلا يصح بغير نية كالصلاة والصوم . ويجب تحديد نوع الاعتكاف عن نذر أو غيره

 

غمز عيون البصائر في شرح الأشباه والنظائر (1/ 172)

{ إنَّمَا الْأَعْمَالُ بِالنِّيَّاتِ } حَيْثُ قَالُوا الْمُرَادُ بِالْأَعْمَالِ مَا يَشْتَمِلُ عَمَلَ الْقَلْبِ

 

فتاوي دار العلوم (ج4ص474)

لهاذا پورا کرنا يعني روزانہ ہزار مرتبہ درورد شريف پڑھنا ضروري لازم ہے

 

فتاوي محمودية (ج22ص-543-541)

نذر کا بيان

 

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