Fatwa: # 40233
Category: Inheritance
Country: Saudi Arabia
Date: 11th September 2018


Do the grandchildren inherit from their grandfather?


Salamalikum wa rahmatuallh hi wa baratahu,

We had an elder sister who had passed away 8 years ago. At that time both my parents were alive. My father passed away 1 year ago and mother passed away 1 month ago. Presently, 2 sons, i.e., I and my younger brother are the only survivors.

Both my parents have left a will, dividing their assets and property equally between myself and my brother.

My question is whether my deceased sister or her living children [1 son and 1 daughter], are entitled to any share in the inheritance? If yes, what would be their share?

Thank you and jazakallahkhaira !


In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh. 

In principle, if a child passes away before the parents, the child does not inherit.

Likewise, when a person passes away and is survived by children and grandchildren, the grandchildren will not inherit. [1]

Therefore, your deceased sister and her children (your nephew and niece) will not inherit from your father’s estate.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Muhammad I.V Patel

Student Darul Iftaa
Lusaka, Zambia

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.


[1]الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (6/ 774

(قوله: ويقدم الأقرب فالأقرب إلخ) أي الأقرب جهة ثم الأقرب درجة ثم الأقوى قرابة فاعتبار الترجيح أولا بالجهة عند الاجتماع، فيقدم جزؤه كالابن وابنه على أصله كالأب وأبيه ويقدم أصله على جزء أبيه كالإخوة لغير أم وأبنائهم، ويقدم جزء أبيه على جزء جده كالأعمام لغير أم وأبنائهم وبعد الترجيح بالجهة إذا تعدد أهل تلك الجهة اعتبر الترجيح بالقرابة، فيقدم الابن على ابنه والأب على أبيه والأخ على ابنه لقرب الدرجة، وبعد اتحاد الجهة والقرابة يعتبر الترجيح بالقوة، فيقدم الأخ الشقيق على الأخ لأب، وكذا أبناؤهم،

 (6/ 758)

وشروطه: ثلاثة: موت مورث حقيقة، أو حكما كمفقود، أو تقديرا كجنين فيه غرة ووجود وارثه عند موته حيا حقيقة أو تقديرا كالحمل والعلم بجهة إرثه، وأسبابه وموانعه

الفتاوى الهندية (51/ 327)

 عَصَبَةٌ بِنَفْسِهِ وَهُوَ كُلُّ ذَكَرٍ لَا يَدْخُلُ فِي نِسْبَتِهِ إلَى الْمَيِّتِ أُنْثَى وَهُمْ أَرْبَعَةُ أَصْنَافٍ : جُزْءُ الْمَيِّتِ وَأَصْلُهُ وَجُزْءُ أَبِيهِ وَجُزْءُ جَدِّهِ ، كَذَا فِي التَّبْيِينِ فَأَقْرَبُ الْعَصَبَاتِ الِابْنُ ثُمَّ ابْنُ الِابْنِ وَإِنْ سَفَلَ ثُمَّ الْأَبُ ثُمَّ الْجَدُّ أَبُ الْأَبِ وَإِنْ عَلَا ، ثُمَّ الْأَخُ لِأَبٍ وَأُمٍّ ، ثُمَّ الْأَخُ لِأَبٍ ثُمَّ ابْنُ الْأَخِ لِأَبٍ وَأُمٍّ ، ثُمَّ ابْنُ الْأَخِ لِأَبٍ ثُمَّ الْعَمُّ لِأَبٍ وَأُمٍّ ثُمَّ الْعَمُّ لِأَبٍ ثُمَّ ابْنُ الْعَمِّ لِأَبٍ وَأُمٍّ ، ثُمَّ ابْنُ الْعَمِّ لِأَبٍ ثُمَّ عَمُّ الْأَبِ لِأَبٍ وَأُمٍّ ثُمَّ عَمُّ الْأَبِ لِأَبٍ ثُمَّ ابْنُ عَمِّ الْأَبِ لِأَبٍ وَأُمٍّ ، ثُمَّ ابْنُ عَمِّ الْأَبِ لِأَبٍ ثُمَّ عَمُّ الْجَدِّ ، هَكَذَا فِي الْمَبْسُوطِ

کتاب النو ازل جلد18  صفحہ460

فتاؤي محمؤديه   جلد30   ص251

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