Category: Masjid (Mosque)
Fatwa#: 39947
Asked Country: Albania

Answered Date: Feb 14,2018

Title: Inaugurating a Masjid

Question

Assalamualaikum.

Hope you are fine. Can you please tell us something about how do we inaugurate a Masjid? We are building a Masjid in a rural area fou of town and there is lot of population, the reason is because the population kept asking and there is only one small Jamaat khana far from this one. The Masjid is going to be ready in 2 months from now In Shaa Allah, what must we do? Is there any sacrifice or ritual to be made? Can we take some food and call the people to eat?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh. 

To build a Masjid is an act of great virtue.

Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam said[1]

قَالَ رَسُول الله - صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم َ - " من بنى لله مَسْجِدا صَغِيرا كَانَ أَو كَبِيرا بنى الله لَهُ بَيْتا فِي الْجنَّة "

Translation: Whoever builds a small or big Masjid for the sake of Allah, Allah will build for him a house in Jannah (paradise). 

Take note of the beginning of the Hadith

من بنى لله

Whoever builds for the sake of Allah. The virtue of building a Masjid is based on one’s sincerity and pleasure of Allah.

When Ebrahim Alaihi Salam was building the Kaaba Sharif, he did not focus on his ability and skills. Rather he made the following dua[2]

رَبَّنَا تَقَبَّلْ مِنَّا إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ

Translation: Our Lord! Accept (this service) from us. Indeed! You are the All-Hearer, the All-Knower. 

If there is sincerity in building the Masjid, Allah will draw the hearts of people to the Masjid.

When the Masjid is complete, the procedure of inaugurating the Masjid is to perform Tahiyyatul Masjid.

Tahiyyatul Masjid is greeting (Salam) to the Masjid (mosque).

Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihiwa Salam said[3]

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، قَالَ: إِذَا دَخَلَ أَحَدُكُمُ الْمَسْجِدَ فَلْيَرْكَعْ رَكْعَتَيْنِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَجْلِسَ

Translation: When one of you enters the Masjid, he should pray two Rak'ah before sitting down.

 

Encourage the people to inhabit the Masjid by performing Salah and educate themselves in Deen. Put all systems in place to achieve the objective of holding a Masjid. Remind the people of the following verse.

إِنَّمَا يَعْمُرُ مَسَاجِدَ اللَّهِ مَنْ آمَنَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ وَأَقَامَ الصَّلاةَ وَآتَى الزَّكَاةَ وَلَمْ يَخْشَ إِلَّا اللَّهَ فَعَسَى أُوْلَئِكَ أَنْ يَكُونُوا مِنَ الْمُهْتَدِينَ

Translation: The mosques of Allah are only to be maintained by those who believe in Allah and the Last Day and establish prayer and give Zakah and do not fear except Allah, It is they who are expected to be rightly guided.

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Muhammad Yaasir Yunus Hussen

Student Darul Iftaa
Mozambique

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 



  [1] عمدة القاري شرح صحيح البخاري (4/ 212)

وَفِي هَذَا يَقُول الْحَنَفِيَّةُ: إِنَّ مَنْ بَنَى مَسْجِدًا لَمْ يَزَل مِلْكُهُ عَنْهُ حَتَّى يُفْرِزَهُ عَنْ مِلْكِهِ بِطَرِيقِهِ، وَيَأْذَنَ لِلنَّاسِ بِالصَّلاَةِ فِيهِ، فَإِذَا صَلَّى فِيهِ وَاحِدٌ زَال عَنْ مِلْكِهِ عِنْدَ أَبِي حَنِيفَةَ وَمُحَمَّدٍ فِي إِحْدَى رِوَايَتَيْنِ عَنْهُمَا، وَفِي الأُْخْرَى: لاَ يَزُول إِلاَّ بِصَلاَةِ جَمَاعَةٍ، وَعِنْدَ أَبِي يُوسُفَ يَزُول مِلْكُهُ عَنْهُ بِمُجَرَّدِ قَوْلِهِ: جَعَلْتُهُ مَسْجِدًا، لأِنَّ التَّسْلِيمَ عِنْدَهُ لَيْسَ بِشَرْطٍ، كَمَا يَصِحُّ الْوَقْفُ. الموسوعة الفقهية الكويتية (37/ 220)

يُسْتَحَبُّ لِمَنْ دَخَل الْمَسْجِدَ النَّبَوِيَّ أَنْ يَقُول الذِّكْرَ الْوَارِدَ فِي ذَلِكَ عِنْدَ دُخُول الْمَسَاجِدِ، فَيُقَدِّمَ رِجْلَهُ الْيُمْنَى وَيَقُول: بِسْمِ اللَّهِ اللَّهُمَّ صَل عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ، رَبِّ اغْفِرْ لِي ذُنُوبِي وَافْتَحْ لِي أَبْوَابَ رَحْمَتِكَ.

وَعِنْدَ الْخُرُوجِ يُقَدِّمَ رِجْلَهُ الْيُسْرَى وَيَقُول ذَلِكَ، وَلَكِنْ بِلَفْظِ: (وَافْتَحْ لِي أَبْوَابَ فَضْلِكَ) ، وَيُصَلِّيَ عِنْدَ الدُّخُول رَكْعَتَيْنِ تَحِيَّةَ الْمَسْجِدِ وَالْمَسْجِدُ النَّبَوِيُّ وَغَيْرُهُ مِنَ الْمَسَاجِدِ فِي ذَلِكَ سَوَاءٌ إِلاَّ الْمَسْجِدَ الْحَرَامَ فَإِنَّ تَحِيَّتَهُ الطَّوَافُ. الموسوعة الفقهية الكويتية (37/ 249) 250)

وَعَنْ أَبِي هَرِيرَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ قَال: قَال رَسُول اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: إِذَا دَخَل أَحَدُكُمُ الْمَسْجِدَ فَلْيُسَلِّمْ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَلْيَقُل: اللَّهُمَّ افْتَحْ لِي أَبْوَابَ رَحْمَتِكَ، وَإِذَا خَرَجَ فَلْيُسَلِّمْ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ وَلْيَقُل: اللَّهُمَّ اعْصِمْنِي مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ . الموسوعة الفقهية الكويتية (37/ 200)

بِنَاءُ الْمَسَاجِدِ وَعِمَارَتُهَا وَوَظَائِفُهَا

5 - يَجِبُ بِنَاءُ الْمَسَاجِدِ فِي الأَْمْصَارِ وَالْقُرَى وَالْمَحَال - جَمْعُ مَحَلَّةٍ - وَنَحْوِهَا حَسَبَ الْحَاجَةِ وَهُوَ مِنْ فُرُوضِ الْكِفَايَةِ (3) .

وَالْمَسَاجِدُ هِيَ أَحَبُّ الْبِقَاعِ إِلَى اللَّهِ تَعَالَى فِي الأَْرْضِ وَهِيَ بُيُوتُهُ الَّتِي يُوَحَّدُ فِيهَا وَيُعْبَدُ، يَقُول سُبْحَانَهُ: {فِي بُيُوتٍ أَذِنَ اللَّهُ أَنْ تُرْفَعَ وَيُذْكَرَ فِيهَا اسْمُهُ} ، قَال ابْنُ كَثِيرٍ: أَيْ أَمَرَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى بِتَعَاهُدِهَا وَتَطْهِيرِهَا مِنَ الدَّنَسِ وَاللَّغْوِ وَالأَْقْوَال وَالأَْفْعَال الَّتِي لاَ تَلِيقُ فِيهَا، كَمَا قَال ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ: نَهَى اللَّهُ سُبْحَانَهُ عَنِ اللَّغْوِ فِيهَا، وَقَال قَتَادَةُ: هِيَ هَذِهِ الْمَسَاجِدُ أَمَرَ اللَّهُ سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى بِبِنَائِهَا وَعِمَارَتِهَا وَرَفْعِهَا وَتَطْهِيرِهَا، وَقَدْ ذُكِرَ لَنَا أَنَّ كَعْبًا كَانَ يَقُول: مَكْتُوبٌ فِي التَّوْرَاةِ: أَنَّ بُيُوتِي فِي الأَْرْضِ الْمَسَاجِدُ وَأَنَّهُ مَنْ تَوَضَّأَ فَأَحْسَنَ وُضُوءَهُ ثُمَّ زَارَنِي فِي بَيْتِي أَكَرَمْتُهُ، وَحَقٌّ عَلَى الْمَزُورِ كَرَامَةُ الزَّائِرِ (1) .

وَقَدْ وَرَدَتْ أَحَادِيثٌ كَثِيرَةٌ فِي بِنَاءِ الْمَسَاجِدِ وَاحْتِرَامِهَا وَتَوْقِيرِهَا وَتَطْيِيبِهَا وَتَبْخِيرِهَا. فَعَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عَفَّانَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ قَال: سَمِعْتُ رَسُول اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُول: مَنْ بَنَى مَسْجِدًا يَبْتَغِي بِهِ وَجْهَ اللَّهِ بَنَى اللَّهُ لَهُ مِثْلَهُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ (2) . وَعَنْ عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهَا قَالَتْ: " إِنَّ رَسُول اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَمَرَ بِالْمَسَاجِدِ أَنْ تُبْنَى فِي الدُّورِ، وَأَنْ تُطَهَّرَ وَتُطَيَّبَ (3) الموسوعة الفقهية الكويتية (37/ 195)

Surah Baqarah / verse 127/  [2]

[3]  صحيح مسلم (1/ 495)

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