Category: Money Matters
Fatwa#: 39629
Asked Country: United States

Answered Date: Feb 14,2018

Title: Zakat to Janitor

Question

I have a question regarding Zakat. If I live in a college dormitory, do you advise giving money to the janitors who work in the building since they live and work near to me?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

The Nisaab (threshold) for Zakat is 87.479 grams of gold and 612.35 grams of silver, or its equivalent in cash.

 

A poor person will be eligible to receive Zakaat if his total wealth (of all types) excluding debts and basic personal needs is below the Nisaab of silver (i.e. below the price of 612.35 grams of silver).[i]

 

In the enquired situation, if the Janitors total wealth (Zakatable assets and non-Zakatable assets excluding basic necessities and debts) is lesser than the Nisaab, only then you may give Zakaat to them on condition they are Muslims. Zakat cannot be given to non-Muslims.[ii]

However, the Janitor should not be given so much Nisaab that his total wealth reaches the Nisaab.[iii]

 

 

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

 

Ridhwaan

 

Student Darul Iftaa

 

UK

 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai

 



[i]

الفتاوى الهندية (1/ 187)

منها الفقير) وهو من له أدنى شيء وهو ما دون النصاب أو قدر نصاب غير نام وهو مستغرق في الحاجة فلا يخرجه عن الفقير ملك نصب كثيرة غير نامية إذا كانت مستغرقة بالحاجة كذا في فتح القدير

 

حاشية الطحطاوي على مراقي الفلاح شرح نور الإيضاح (ص: 719) 

و الفقير وهو: من يملك مالا يبلغ نصابا ولا قيمته من أي مال كان ولو صحيحا مكتسبا

 

. الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (2/ 339)

(قوله: مستغرق في الحاجة) كدار السكنى وعبيد الخدمة وثياب البذلة وآلات الحرفة وكتب العلم للمحتاج إليها تدريسا أو حفظا أو تصحيحا كما مر أول الزكاة.

والحاصل أن النصاب قسمان: موجب للزكاة وهو النامي الخالي عن الدين. وغير موجب لها وهو غيره، فإن كان مستغرقا بالحاجة لمالكه أباح أخذهما وإلا حرمه

 

Fatawa Usmani 2/135

 

[ii]  فتاوي محمودية 9/538

 

مراقي الفلاح شرح نور الإيضاح (ص: 272)

ولا يصح دفعها لكافر

[iii]  Ahsanul Fatawa 4/302

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