Category: Divorce (Talaaq)
Fatwa#: 38804
Asked Country: Pakistan

Answered Date: Nov 27,2017

Title: Will Talāq occur by merely saying I have no relation with you unintentionally?

Question

If husband says unintentionally to his wife that i have no relation with you. Does talaq take place? specially when there is no fight going on and they were in a happy mood. It was just a slip of toung. please guide.  

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh. 

The statement in reference does not constitute divorce. However, the husband should avoid using similar statements as it has the potential of divorce in it with the intention of divorce.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Huzaifah Deedat

Student Darul Iftaa
Lusaka, Zambia

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

_________________

بدائع الصنائع في ترتيب الشرائع- دار الكتب العلمية (3/ 105)

وأما الكناية فنوعان: نوع هو كناية بنفسه وضعا، ونوع هو ملحق بها شرعا في حق النية، أما النوع الأول فهو كل لفظ يستعمل في الطلاق ويستعمل في غيره نحو قوله: أنت بائن، أنت علي حرام خلية برئية بتة أمرك بيدك اختاري اعتدي استبرئي رحمك أنت واحدة خليت سبيلك سرحتك حبلك على غاربك فارقتك خالعتك - ولم يذكر العوض - لا سبيل لي عليك لا ملك لي عليك لا نكاح لي عليك أنت حرة قومي اخرجي اغربي انطلقي انتقلي تقنعي استتري تزوجي ابتغي الأزواج الحقي بأهلك ونحو ذلك.

سمي هذا النوع من الألفاظ كناية؛ لأن الكناية في اللغة اسم لفظ استتر المراد منه عند السامع، وهذه الألفاظ مستترة المراد عند السامع

الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار)- دار الفكر (3/ 297)

الْكِنَايَاتُ (لَا تَطْلُقُ بِهَا) قَضَاءً (إلَّا بِنِيَّةٍ أَوْ دَلَالَةِ الْحَالِ) وَهِيَ حَالَةُ مُذَاكَرَةِ الطَّلَاقِ أَوْ الْغَضَبِ،...وَنَحْوُ

كنز الدقائق (ص: 276)- دار البشائر الإسلامية

لا تطلق بها إلّا بنيّته أو دلالة الحال

 

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