Category: Divorce (Talaaq)
Fatwa#: 38505
Asked Country: United States

Answered Date: Sep 13,2017

Title: I signed three divorce papers

Question

My husband has erectile dysfunction, we were not able to consummate our marriage, some differeneces arose and he sent me a divorce deed prepared by lawyer and signed by my husband from Pakistan which says he is three times divorcing me, and them in three separate lines it said he divorces me. Is there any way we can get back without halala?is it one divorce or three?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

The marriage of a person with erectile dysfunction is valid, and the marriage will be regarded as consummated.[1]

In principle, the writing of talaq has the same ruling as verbally saying talaq.[2]

Therefore, when one writes out three talaq and sends it to one’s wife, she becomes haram upon him.

In the above scenario, you have been divorced from your husband three times by means of three written talaqs. You are no longer husband and wife.[3]

The written talaqs constitute talaq-e-mughallazah (permanently irrevocable divorce). It is not permissible for both of you to reconcile without halalah.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Saad Haque

Student Darul Iftaa
New Jersey, USA 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.



[1] بدائع الصنائع في ترتيب الشرائع (2/ 292)

ثُمَّ تَفْسِيرُ الْخَلْوَةِ الصَّحِيحَةِ هُوَ أَنْ لَا يَكُونَ هُنَاكَ مَانِعٌ مِنْ الْوَطْء لَا حَقِيقِيٌّ وَلَا شَرْعِيٌّ وَلَا طَبْعِيٌّ.

أَمَّا الْمَانِعُ الْحَقِيقِيُّ فَهُوَ أَنْ يَكُونَ أَحَدُهُمَا مَرِيضًا مَرَضًا يَمْنَعُ الْجِمَاعَ أَوْ صَغِيرًا لَا يُجَامِعُ مِثْلُهُ أَوْ صَغِيرَةً لَا يُجَامَعُ مِثْلُهَا أَوْ كَانَتْ الْمَرْأَةُ رَتْقَاءَ أَوْ قَرْنَاءَ؛ لِأَنَّ الرَّتْقَ وَالْقَرْنَ يَمْنَعَانِ مِنْ الْوَطْءِ وَتَصِحُّ خَلْوَةُ الزَّوْجِ، إنْ كَانَ الزَّوْجُ عِنِّينًا أَوْ خَصِيًّا؛ لِأَنَّ الْعُنَّةَ وَالْخِصَاءَ لَا يَمْنَعَانِ مِنْ الْوَطْءِ فَكَانَتْ خَلْوَتُهُمَا كَخَلْوَةِ غَيْرِهِمَا، وَتَصِحُّ خَلْوَةُ الْمَجْبُوبِ فِي قَوْلِ أَبِي حَنِيفَةَ.

وَقَالَ أَبُو يُوسُفَ وَمُحَمَّدٌ: لَا تَصِحُّ

[2] بدائع الصنائع في ترتيب الشرائع (٣/١٠٠)

وَكَذَا التَّكَلُّمُ بِالطَّلَاقِ لَيْسَ بِشَرْطٍ فَيَقَعُ الطَّلَاقُ بِالْكِتَابَةِ الْمُسْتَبِينَةِ

[3] الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (٣/٢٤٦)

الكتابة على نوعين: مرسومة وغير مرسومة، ونعني بالمرسومة أن يكون مصدرا ومعنونا مثل ما يكتب إلى الغائب. وغير المرسومة أن لا يكون مصدرا ومعنونا، وهو على وجهين: مستبينة وغير مستبينة، فالمستبينة ما يكتب على الصحيفة والحائط والأرض على وجه يمكن فهمه وقراءته. وغير المستبينة ما يكتب على الهواء والماء وشيء لا يمكنه فهمه وقراءته. ففي غير المستبينة لا يقع الطلاق وإن نوى، وإن كانت مستبينة لكنها غير مرسومة إن نوى الطلاق وإلا لا، وإن كانت مرسومة يقع الطلاق نوى أو لم ينو

فتاوي عثماني (٢/٣٨٠)

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