Category: Prayer (Salaat)
Fatwa#: 38363
Asked Country: South Africa

Answered Date: Jun 20,2017

Title: Does each Imam have to make an intention to lead the women and is it done verbally or in the heart?

Question

Few huffaz intend performing Taraweeh Salaah in congregation at home. We are all Hanafi. A few ladies wish to joing the congregation in a seperate room. I understand that the imams have to make specific intention to lead the ladies in congregation for the Fardh, Sunnah and Waajib salaah of Esha, Taraweeh and Witr.

1. Does each different Imaam have to make a specific intention before each of the various Salaah every day or can one intention be made for all salaah at the start of the prayers.

2. Does the intention have to be made everyday, or can it be made at the commencement of Ramadaan on the 1st Taraweeh?

3. What is the best method to make intention, verbally or in the heart ?

 

Shukran

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

1.) Each Imam will make his own intention to lead the women for each salah.

2.) The intention has to be made everyday the Imam leads the women.

3.) The intention in the heart is sufficient and best. It is not necessary to make a verbal intention. However if a person finds it difficult to form an intention in the heart without a verbal intention, then it is best for him to make a verbal intention as well. [i][ii][iii][iv][v] 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best,

Mufti Sohail ibn Arif,
Assistant Mufti, Darul Iftaa
Chicago, USA

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 

 ولا يصير إماما للنساء إلا بالنية. هكذا في المحيط [i]

 الفتاوى الهندية ١/ ٦٦

 [ii] نية إمامة النساء شرط

الفتاوى السراجية، ص. ٩٨

والمعتبر فيها عمل القلب اللازم للإرادة) فلا عبرة للذكر باللسان إن خالف القلب لأنه كلام لا نية إلا إذا) [iii]

عجز عن إحضاره لهموم أصابته فيكفيه اللسان مجتبى (وهو) أي عمل القلب (أن يعلم) عند الإرادة (بداهة) بلا تأمل (أي صلاة يصلي) فلو لم يعلم إلا بتأمل لم يجز.

(قوله والمعتبر فيها عمل القلب) أي أن الشرط الذي تتحقق به النية ويعتبر فيها شرعا العلم بالشيء بداهة الناشئ ذلك العلم عن الإرادة الجازمة لا مطلق العلم ولا مجرد القول باللسان. والحاصل أن معنى النية المعتبر في الشرع هو العلم المذكور، وهذا معنى ما نقل عن ابن سلمة كما قدمناه؟ وأما قولهم لا يصح تفسير النية بالعلم فالمراد به مطلق العلم الخالي عن القصد بقرينة الاعتراض المار فافهم، لكن في جعله العلم من أعمال القلب مسامحة لأن العلم من الكيفيات النفسانية كما حقق في موضعه (قوله إن خالف القلب) فلو قصد الظهر وتلفظ بالعصر سهوا أجزأه كما في الزاهدي قهستاني

رد المحتار على الدر المختار، ١/ ٤١٥

كتاب النوازل ٣/ ٤٥٠ – ٤٥١[iv]

 أحسن الفتاوى ٣/ ١٥ [v]

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