Fatwa: # 34500
Category: Divorce (Talaaq)
Country: Pakistan
Date: 13th March 2019

Title

Husband threatening to divorce the wife

Question

I am married to my husband from 7 yrs, but since last few months we are having major fights over another female which he likes and during our fights he has used the word tallaq but like "I will give u Tallaq" or "Will call your mom and will give u Tallaq in front of her" it has been said thrice in anger, is Tallaq done or is it revocable because now he is saying that its not issued and want to come near me. Plz help I am very much in need for help.

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Sister in Islam,

We sympathize with you in your predicament. Your husbands’ attitude is unfortunate. We make dua Allah grant you courage to overcome your challenges.

The statements "I will give u Tallaq" or "Will call your mom and will give u Tallaq in front of her" constitutes a promise and a threat to divorce. A promise of divorce is not considered a talaaq (divorce) in Shariah. Accordingly, your nikaah is intact. [1]

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

 

Muhammad I.V Patel

Student Darul Iftaa
Lusaka, Zambia

 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 


الفتاوى الهندية - ط. دار الفكر (1/ 355) [1]

وَلَوْ قال لها أَطْلَقْتُك إنْ نَوَى بِهِ الطَّلَاقَ يَقَعُ وَإِلَّا فَلَا كَذَا في فَتَاوَى قَاضِي خَانْ وَلَوْ قال أَنْتِ مُطْلَقَةٌ أو يا مُطْلَقَةُ بِتَسْكِينِ الطَّاءِ وَالتَّخْفِيفِ لَا يَكُونُ طَلَاقًا إلَّا بِالنِّيَّةِ كَذَا في السِّرَاجِ الْوَهَّاجِ

 

 (1/ 384)

في الْمُحِيطِ لو قال بِالْعَرَبِيَّةِ أُطَلِّقُ لَا يَكُونُ طَلَاقًا إلَّا إذَا غَلَبَ اسْتِعْمَالُهُ لِلْحَالِ فَيَكُونُ طَلَاقًا وفي إيمَانِ مَجْمُوعِ النَّوَازِلِ سُئِلَ نَجْمُ الدِّينِ عن امْرَأَةٍ قالت لِزَوْجِهَا من بِرّ تَوّ سَهِّ طَلَاقه أَمْ فقال الزَّوْجُ هَلَّا هل تَطْلُقُ ثَلَاثًا قال لَا إلَّا أَنْ يَنْوِيَهَا وَلَوْ قالت لِزَوْجِهَا حَلَال خَدًّا بِرّ توحرام فقال آرِيّ حُرِّمَتْ عليه بِتَطْلِيقَةٍ سُئِلَ نَجْمُ الدِّينِ عن رَجُلٍ قال لِامْرَأَتِهِ اذْهَبِي إلَى بَيْتِ أُمِّك فقالت طَلَاق دَهٍ تابروم فقال تَوّ بَرْو من طَلَاقِ دُمَادِم فَرُسْتُمُ قال لَا تَطْلُقُ لِأَنَّهُ وَعْدٌ كَذَا في الْخُلَاصَةِ

 

الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (3/ 297)

(قوله قضاء) قيد به لأنه لا يقع ديانة بدون النية، ولو وجدت دلالة الحال فوقوعه بواحد من النية أو دلالة الحال إنما هو في القضاء فقط كما هو صريح البحر وغيره

 

المحيط البرهاني في الفقه النعماني (3/ 472)

وبالعربية قوله: أطلق، لا يكون طلاقاً في أنه دائر بين الحال والاستقبال فلم يكن تحقيقاً مع الشك حتى أن موضع علمت استعماله للحال كان تحقيقاً

 

أحسن الفتاؤي جلد٥  ص١٤٨ ايچ ايم سعيد

فتاؤي عثماني جلد ٢  ص٣٤٦

فتاؤي دار العلوم ديو بند جلد٩ ص٢٨٥

اور شوہر کا یہ قول کہ میں تجھے ضرور طلاق دے دوں گا حسب تفسیر فقہاء مذاکرہ طلاق نہیں ہے ۔ کیونکہ لفظ استقبال سے طلاق واقع نہیں ہوتی اور وہ لغو ہوتا ہے ۔

 

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