Category: Jurisprudence and Rulings (Fiqh)
Fatwa#: 27802
Asked Country: Pakistan

Answered Date: Jun 15,2017

Title: Women visiting the grave yard

Question

why it is not permission to a young lady to go grave yard??rather than is allow to an old lady?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh. 

Sister in Islām,

Our Fuqahā (Jurists)Rahimahumullah have laid out principles, guidelines, clauses, etc. in various situations for the protection of our Deen. Their judgements are based on a sound understanding of Deen, taken from the Qurān and Sunnah. It should be clear that there are no "ulterior motives" which prompt such rulings, permissible or impermissible. 'Ulamā throughout the centuries were well aware of their "times" and cognisant of the nature of the masses. As such, their verdicts were well formulated and aptly reflected the ethos of Islām.

In light of the above, the Fuqahā have prevented young women from visiting graveyards for the simple reason that it is a cause of Fitnah[1]. Meaning, the very fact that young woman will be free to move about as they please in public places leads to Fitnah and laxity in morals. The danger of this is more so understood in this era where in women are not cognizant of dressing in the proper Islamic attire. Similarly, if elderly women also become a means of Fitnah, they too will not be allowed to visit the graveyard.

However, there is scope for young women to occasionally visit the graveyard if the following conditions are met[2]:

  1. Shar’ee Hijāb is adhered to
  2. She goes at such a time when there are few or no people.
  3. No Shar’ee laws are violated, for example, intermingling as is common on Eid day.
  4. She is accompanied by her husband or Mahram.
  5. She is certain of not having emotional outbursts.

We apologize for the much belated response.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Hisham Dawood

Student Darul Iftaa
Chicago, USA

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

www.daruliftaa.net



[1]

 وفي السراج وأما النساء إذا أردن زيارة القبور إن كان ذلك لتجديد الحزن والبكاء والندب كما جرت به عادتهن فلا تجوز لهن الزيارة وعليه يحمل الحديث الصحيح لعن الله زائرات القبور وإن كان للاعتبار والترحم والتبرك بزيارة قبور الصالحين من غير ما يخالف الشرع فلا بأس به إذا كن عجائز وكره ذلك للشابات كحضورهن في المساجد للجماعات اهـ وحاصله أن محل الرخص لهن إذا كانت الزيارة على وجه ليس فيه فتنة والأصح أن الرخصة ثابتة للرجال والنساء لأن السيدة فاطمة رضي الله تعالى عنها كانت تزور قبر حمزة كل جمعة وكانت عائشة رضي الله تعالى عنها تزور قبر أخيها عبد الرحمن بمكة كذا ذكره البدر العيني في شرح البخاري (الطحطاوي على مراقي الفلاح ج-٢ ص-٢٧٤، دار قباء)

(قوله: ولو للنساء) وقيل: تحرم عليهن. والأصح أن الرخصة ثابتة لهن بحر، وجزم في شرح المنية بالكراهة لما مر في اتباعهن الجنازة. وقال الخير الرملي: إن كان ذلك لتجديد الحزن والبكاء والندب على ما جرت به عادتهن فلا تجوز، وعليه حمل حديث «لعن الله زائرات القبور» وإن كان للاعتبار والترحم من غير بكاء والتبرك بزيارة قبور الصالحين فلا بأس إذا كن عجائز. ويكره إذا كن شواب كحضور الجماعة في المساجد اهـ وهو توفيق حسن (الشامي ج-٢ ص-٢٤٢، سعيد)

(فتاوى محمودية ج-٩ ص-١٩٢، فاروقية)

[2]

 (كفاية المفتي ج-٤ ص-١٩٤، دار الأشاعت)

(فتاوى دينية ج-٢ ص-٤٨١، جامعة حسينية راندير)

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