Fatwa: # 27100
Category: Jurisprudence and Rulings...
Country: Bangladesh
Date: 1st June 2020


Digital Photography - What is permissible & what isnt?


Is animals photo taking by camera, scanning, pasting in website and keeping in computer for future use haram? I think there is a difference between digital copy and printed copy. Kindly make me clearer to the above issues. 


In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Digital Photography of animate objects is an academically contested issue amongst the 'Ulama. We advise you take precaution in its leisure usage considering the severe warning in the Hadith: 

عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ ، أَنّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم قَالَ : إِنَّ المُصَوِّريُنَ يُعَذَّبُونَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ، وَيُقَالُ : أَحْيُوا مَا خَلَقْتُمْ (مسند أحمد ج-٨ ص-٥١، مؤسسة الرسالة)


It has been narrated from Ibn 'Umar (Radia Allahu 'Anhu) that the Prophet (Sallallahu 'Alaihi Wa Sallam) said: Picture Makers shall be punished at the Day of Judgment and it shall be said, "Give life to what you created" (Musnad Ahmad vol. 8 pg. 51, Muassasah Al Risalah)


 However, there is scope for necessities such as visas, passports, ID cards etc. [1]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Hisham Dawood

Student Darul Iftaa
Chicago, U.S.A.

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.


[1] Takmilah Fath Al Mulhim vol.4 pg.155-164, Maktabah Dar Al Uloom Karachi

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