Category: Jurisprudence and Rulings (Fiqh)
Fatwa#: 26902
Asked Country: Pakistan

Answered Date: Sep 16,2013

Title: Is watching shirk or kufr on tv equal to doing shirk ?

Question

Is watching shirk or kufr on tv equal to doing shirk ?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

At the outset, we would like to point out that watching television itself is impermissible as it is associated with many sins and evils, including looking at uncovered women and listening to music. [1]

With respect to your question, the act of unnecessarily viewing shirk and kufr is certainly an abominable and sinful act. [2] Allah Ta‘ālā says in the Qur’ān while describing the righteous believers:

والذين لا يشهدون الزور

“And those who do not witness falsehood.” (25:72)

One of the meanings of the “falsehood” mentioned in this verse is shirk. [3] Hence, one must abstain from anything associated with kufr or shirk even if it is watching acts of kufr and shirk.

The rationale behind the prohibition of viewing acts of kufr and shirk on the television is that when a person consistently views such programmes, they may desensitise him from the evils contained in them. The resentment towards shirk that a person may have initially felt may diminish gradually as a consequence of viewing these programmes. As Muslims, we are sensitive to our faith (‘aqeedah) and values. We do not compromise on our ‘aqeedah and do not show complacency to anything that may harm our ‘aqeedah.

 [1]

أما التلفزيون والفيديو فلا شك في حرمة استعمالها بالنظر إلى ما يشتملان عليه من الخلاعة والمجون والكشف عن النساء المتبرجات أو العاريات

تكملة فتح الملهم، دار إحياء التراث العربي، ٣:١٤٢

فى البزازية: استماع صوت الملاهي كضرب قصب ونحوه حرام...ولا يخفى أن فى الجلوس عليها استماعا لها، والاستماع معصية فهما معصيتان

الدر المختار مع رد المحتار، دار المعرفة، ٩:٥٧٧

 [2]

الحادي والتسعون (من الأخلاق والصفات الذميمة) مشاهدة المعاصي والمنكرات من غير ضرورة

الدرر المباحة فى الحظر الإباحة، دار ابن حزم، ٢٦٥

[3]

قوله تعالى: { وَٱلَّذِينَ لاَ يَشْهَدُونَ الزُّورَ } أي لا يحضرون الكذب والباطل ولا يشاهدونه. والزور كل باطل زُوّر وزُخرِف، وأعظمه الشرك وتعظيم الأنداد. وبه فسر الضحاك وابن زيد وابن عباس. وفي رواية عن ابن عباس أنه أعياد المشركين    

الجامع لأحكام القرآن، دار الحديث، ٧:٧٥

عن عمرو بن مرة في قوله لا يشهدون الزور لا يمالئون أهل الشرك على شركهم ولا يخالطونهم رواه أبو الشيخ وسكت عنه ابن تيمية فى الاقتضاء

اعلاء السنن، إدارة القرآن، ١٢:٧٠٢

وجوز أن يراد بالزور ما يعم كل شيء باطل مائل عن جهة الحق من الشرك والكذب والغناء والنياحة ونحوها فكأنه قيل: لا يشهدون مجالس الباطل لما في ذلك من الإشعار بالرضا به، وأيضاً من حام حول الحمى يوشك أن يقع فيه 

روح المعاني للآلوسي، إحياء التراث العربي، ١٩:٥١

And Allah Ta‘āla Knows Best

Zameelur Rahman

Student Darul Iftaa
UK

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

www.daruliftaa.net

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