Fatwa: # 22990
Category: Quran & Hadith
Country: Canada
Date: 30th October 2012


Explanation of a Hadith


Hadith:99 out of 100 will be in the fire. What is the tafsir of this Hadith. Jazak Allah Khairan


In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

The Hadith in reference is as follows:

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ: أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ: " أَوَّلُ مَنْ يُدْعَى يَوْمَ القِيَامَةِ آدَمُ، فَتَرَاءَى ذُرِّيَّتُهُ، فَيُقَالُ: هَذَا أَبُوكُمْ آدَمُ، فَيَقُولُ: لَبَّيْكَ وَسَعْدَيْكَ، فَيَقُولُ: أَخْرِجْ بَعْثَ جَهَنَّمَ مِنْ ذُرِّيَّتِكَ، فَيَقُولُ: يَا رَبِّ كَمْ أُخْرِجُ، فَيَقُولُ: أَخْرِجْ مِنْ كُلِّ مِائَةٍ تِسْعَةً وَتِسْعِينَ (صحيح البخاري، كتاب الرقاق، باب كيف الحشر)

Abu Hurairah Radhiyallahu Anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam said: The first one to be called on the Day of Qiyaamah will be Adam Alaihissalam.  His progeny will be manifested before him.  They will be told, “This is your father Adam.” Adam Alaihissalam will say, “I am present for your service (O Allah)”.  Allah Ta’ala will say, “Separate the group destined for the fire from your progeny.”  Adam Alaihissalam will reply, “O Allah, how many should I separate?”  Allah will say, “Take out from every hundred niney-nine.” (Sahih al-Bukhari)

In another narration with similar wordings, the mention of Yajooj and Majooj also appears. [1] Hence, the number of inhabitants of the fire is inclusive of the disbelievers as well as the nation of Yajooj and Majooj who will be extremely large in number. [2]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Abdul Azīm bin Abdur Rahman,
Student Darul Iftaa

Takhassus Fil Hadīth


Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Husain Kadodia.



[1]   حَدَّثَنِي يُوسُفُ بْنُ مُوسَى، حَدَّثَنَا جَرِيرٌ، عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ، عَنْ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ، قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: " يَقُولُ اللَّهُ: يَا آدَمُ، فَيَقُولُ: لَبَّيْكَ وَسَعْدَيْكَ وَالخَيْرُ فِي يَدَيْكَ، قَالَ: يَقُولُ: أَخْرِجْ بَعْثَ النَّارِ، قَالَ: وَمَا بَعْثُ النَّارِ؟ قَالَ: مِنْ كُلِّ أَلْفٍ تِسْعَ مِائَةٍ وَتِسْعَةً وَتِسْعِينَ، فَذَاكَ حِينَ يَشِيبُ الصَّغِيرُ (وَتَضَعُ كُلُّ ذَاتِ حَمْلٍ حَمْلَهَا وَتَرَى النَّاسَ سَكْرَى وَمَا هُمْ بِسَكْرَى وَلَكِنَّ عَذَابَ اللَّهِ شَدِيدٌ) " فَاشْتَدَّ ذَلِكَ عَلَيْهِمْ فَقَالُوا: يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ، أَيُّنَا ذَلِكَ الرَّجُلُ؟ قَالَ: «أَبْشِرُوا، فَإِنَّ مِنْ يَأْجُوجَ وَمَأْجُوجَ أَلْفًا وَمِنْكُمْ رَجُلٌ» ثُمَّ قَالَ: «وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ، إِنِّي لَأَطْمَعُ أَنْ تَكُونُوا ثُلُثَ أَهْلِ الجَنَّةِ» قَالَ: فَحَمِدْنَا اللَّهَ وَكَبَّرْنَا، ثُمَّ قَالَ: «وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ، إِنِّي لَأَطْمَعُ أَنْ تَكُونُوا شَطْرَ أَهْلِ الجَنَّةِ، إِنَّ مَثَلَكُمْ فِي الأُمَمِ كَمَثَلِ الشَّعَرَةِ البَيْضَاءِ فِي جِلْدِ الثَّوْرِ الأَسْوَدِ، أَوِ الرَّقْمَةِ فِي ذِرَاعِ الحِمَارِ» (صحيح البخاري، كتاب الرقاق،بَابُ قَوْلِهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ: {إِنَّ زَلْزَلَةَ السَّاعَةِ شَيْءٌ عَظِيمٌ}{أَزِفَتْ الآزِفَةُ}، {اقْتَرَبَتِ السَّاعَةُ})

[2]  وَقَالَ الْقُرْطُبِيُّ قَوْلُهُ مِنْ يَأْجُوجَ وَمَأْجُوجَ أَلْفٌ أَيْ مِنْهُمْ وَمِمَّنْ كَانَ عَلَى الشِّرْكِ مِثْلَهُمْ (فتح الباري، ج 11، ص 443، دار الحديث) 

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