Fatwa: # 19159
Category: Wudu
Country: Pakistan
Date: 30th May 2020

Title

Can women perform Tayammum instead of ghusl in the winter if there is fear of falling sick?

Question

Can women pray their Fajr Salāh by performing tayammum in winter instead of Fardh Ghusl? Some women are affected by the cold very quickly when taking a bath early in the morning.

Answer

In the Name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

 As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.


A mere doubt is not sufficient enough to justify performing tayammum instead of ghusl.

If warm water is unavailable or you are certain that even the use of warm water will make you sick (i.e. flu, pneumonia, bronchitis, etc.) only then will tayammum be permissible. The mere discomfort of making ghusl in the winter is not a valid excuse to make tayammum. [i] [ii] [iii] [iv]

Even if you believe you qualify to make tayammum instead of ghusl it would still be advisable to present your situation to a locally based scholar for his opinion.


And Allāh knows best.

Ml. Sohail Bengali
Chicago, IL (USA)

Concurred by:

Muftī Abrar Mirza
Chicago, IL (USA)

Under the Supervision of Muftī Ebrahim Desai (South Africa)

 

آب كي مسائل أور أن كا حل، ٢/ ٦٥ مكتبة لدهيانوي [i]

 

فتاوى رحيمية، كتاب الطهارت، باب التيمم: ٤ /٦٣ دار الإشاعت [ii]

 

وإنما الخلاف في الجنب الصحيح في المصر إذا خاف بغلبة ظن على نفسه مرضا لو [iii]

 اغتسل بالبارد ولم يقدر على ماء مسخن ولا ما به يسخن فقال الإمام يجوز له التيمم مطلقا وخصاه بالمسافر لأن تحقق هذه الحالة في المصر نادر والفتوى على قول الإمام فيها

حاشية الطحطاوي على مراقي الفلاح، كتاب الطهارة، باب التيمم : ص. ١١٥-١١٦ دار الكتب العلمية

 

قوله يشتد ) أي يزيد في ذاته ، وقوله أو يمتد : أي يطول زمنه ، وكذا لو كان ) [iv]

 صحيحا خاف حدوث مرض كما في القهستاني ، وهو معلوم من قول المصنف أو برد ( قوله بغلبة  ظن ) أي عن أمارة أو تجربة شرح المنية ( قوله أو قول حاذق مسلم ) أي

 إخبار طبيب حاذق مسلم غير ظاهر الفسق

رد المحتار، كتاب الطهارة، باب التيمم: ١ /٣٩٧ دار الكتب العلمية

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DISCLAIMER - AskImam.org questions
AskImam.org answers issues pertaining to Shar'ah. Thereafter, these questions and answers are placed for public view on www.askimam.org for educational purposes. However, many of these answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation or another environment. Askimam.org bears no responsibility with regards to these questions being used out of their intended context.
  • The Shar's ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.
  • AskImam.org bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.
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