Category: Jurisprudence and Rulings (Fiqh)
Fatwa#: 18634
Asked Country: South Africa

Answered Date: May 02,2010

Title: What do our Fuqaha mention about tomb stones and is it permissible for us as custodians of the graveyard to put a plate on each grave stating the name of the deceased, the date of his birth and demise?

Question

 

 

What do our Fuqaha mention about tomb stones and is it permissible for us as custodians of the graveyard to put a plate on each grave stating the name of the deceased, the date of his birth and demise?

Answer

 

In the name of Allāh, Most Gracious, Most Merciful  


Assalāmu ῾alaykum wa Rahmatullāhi Wabarakātuh

 

It has been narrated in a Hadeeth:

“Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) has prohibited from hardening the grave, sitting upon it and from building upon it”

(Sahih Muslim, vol.1, pg.312, Qadeemi)[1]

It is for this reason our illustrious Fuqaha have prohibited from hardening the grave or to build around it unless there is a dire need to do so.

Leaving the grave simple is more beneficial to the deceased person and will be more deserving of drawing the Noor (light) and mercy of Allah Ta’ala. Furthermore, in leaving the graves simple, there will be a greater impact on those who visit the graveyard by reminding them of death and removing the love of the world from their hearts.

It is not a sign of love to the deceased to build around the grave or to beautify it. The Sahabah (Radiyallahu anhum) reached the pinnacle of love for Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) that the water he should use to make wudhu would not touch the ground. They used to collect it and pass it over their faces. Despite their extreme love for Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam), they left his blessed grave simple. We should also follow in their path.

If the sand gradually gets washed off from the grave, then from time to time it should be maintained by placing more sand on it, keeping the grave distinguished.

If by placing a small plate/board stating the name of the deceased, together with the date of birth and demise of the deceased will assist in preserving the allocation of the grave and other administrative issues as well, then it will be permissible to do so.

(Noorul Idhaah, pg.131, Qadeemi)[2]
 (Addurul Mukhtaar, vol.2, pg.237, HM Saeed)[3]
(Fatawa Rahimiyyah, vol.7, pg.66, Isha’at)

And Allāh Ta῾āla Knows Best

 

Checked and Approved by:
Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Dārul Iftā


[1]  عن جابر قال نهى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أن يجصص القبر وأن يقعد عليه وأن يبنى عليه

[2]  ويحرم البناء عليه للزينة ويكره للإحكام بعد الدفن ولا بأس بالكتابة عليه لئلا يذهب الأثر ولا يمتهن (فصل في حملها ودفنها)

[3]  ( ولا يجصص ) للنهي عنه ( ولا يطين ، ولا يرفع عليه بناء . وقيل : لا بأس به ، وهو المختار ) كما في كراهة السراجية . وفي جنائزها : لا بأس بالكتابة إن احتيج إليها حتى لا يذهب الأثر ولا يمتهن

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