Fatwa: # 17863
Category: Daily
Country: South Africa
Date: 23rd April 2009

Title

Q1) What is your opinion and ruling about a person who is praying alone and then someone joins him (as a Jamaat). Should be change intentions and become an Imam?

Question

Q1) What is your opinion and ruling about a person who is praying alone and then someone joins him (as a Jamaat). Should be change intentions and become an Imam?

Q2) What is your opinion and ruling about a person who was late to congregational (Jamaat) prayer and he stands up to complete his missed Rakaat and another person joins him (as a Jamaat). Should be change intentions and become an Imam although his intention originally was that of a Muqtadi (follower)?

Answer

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful


Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatuh

 

1.      It is not a pre-requisite for the Imam to make intention of Imaamat in order for the Salaat to be valid. If one is performing Salaat alone and one joins him later, he could make the intention of being an Imaam. He will be rewarded for making the intention of being an Imaam.

[Bahishti Zewar Zam Zam pg130 v1]

2.      According to the Hanafi Mazhab, It is not permissible to follow a Masbooq (late comer) in Salaat (prayer) nor is it permissible for him (Masbooq) to follow another Imaam.

 

أَنَّهُ لَا يَجُوزُ اقْتِدَاؤُهُ وَلَا الِاقْتِدَاءُ بِهِ    {فتاوي الهندية ج1 ص102}

وَكَذَا لَا يَصِحُّ اقْتِدَاءُ الْأُمِّيِّ بِالْأَخْرَسِ وَالْكَاسِي بِالْعَارِي وَالْمَسْبُوقِ في قَضَاءِ ما سَبَقَ بمثله  {فتاوي الهندية ص ج}

 

And Allah knows best

Wassalamu Alaikum

Ml. Mohammed Moola,
Student Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Iftaa

DISCLAIMER - AskImam.org questions
AskImam.org answers issues pertaining to Shar'ah. Thereafter, these questions and answers are placed for public view on www.askimam.org for educational purposes. However, many of these answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation or another environment. Askimam.org bears no responsibility with regards to these questions being used out of their intended context.
  • The Shar's ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.
  • AskImam.org bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.
  • This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of AskImam.org.
  • Any or all links provided in our emails, answers and articles are restricted to the specific material being cited. Such referencing should not be taken as an endorsement of other contents of that website.
The Messenger of Allah said, "When Allah wishes good for someone, He bestows upon him the understanding of Deen."
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]